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Mutants of Chinese hamster ovary cells lacking dihydrofolate reductase (tetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase, 7,8-dihydrofolate:NADP+ oxidoreductase; EC activity were isolated after mutagenesis and exposure to high-specific-activity [3H]deoxyuridine as a selective agent. Fully deficient mutants could not be isolated starting with wild-type cells, but(More)
A series 11 gamma-ray-induced mutants at the dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr) locus in Chinese hamster ovary cells has been examined for the types of DNA sequence change brought about by this form of ionizing radiation. All 11 mutants were found to have suffered major structural changes affecting the dhfr gene. In eight of the mutants, all or part of the dhfr(More)
Gamma rays have been used to induce Chinese hamster ovary cell mutants in which the entire locus for dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) has been eliminated. These mutants were isolated in two steps from a methotrexate-resistant clone (Flintoff, Davidson, and Siminovitch (1976). Somat. Cell Genet. 2, 245-262). The resistant cells contain amplified copies of a(More)
Steady-state dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr) mRNA levels were decreased as a result of nonsense mutations in the dhfr gene. Thirteen DHFR-deficient mutants were isolated after treatment of Chinese hamster ovary cells with UV irradiation. The positions of most point mutations were localized by RNA heteroduplex mapping, the mutated regions were isolated by(More)
In this report, we demonstrate the feasibility of transforming mouse cells deficient in adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (aprt; AMP:pyrophosphate phosphoribosyltransferase, EC to the aprt+ phenotype by means of DNA-mediated gene transfer. Transformation was effected by using unfractionated high molecular weight genomic DNA from Chinese hamster,(More)
We have developed a very rapid procedure for DNA sequence analysis of induced mutations in a typically large mammalian gene. We are able to determine the nature of chemical carcinogen-induced point mutations in the 25 kb Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell dihydrofolate reductase gene within two days starting with 5 to 10 x 10(6) cells. The approach is based(More)
Methotrexate-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells selected for high resistance by progressive increments of methotrexate in the culture medium have levels of dihydrofolate reductase (tetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase, 7,8-dihydrofolate: NADP+ oxidoreductase, EC 200 times that of sensitive cells and a corresponding increase in the number of copies of(More)
Chinese hamster ovary cell mutants resistant to the purine analogs 6-thioguanine or 8-azaguanine have been isolated following mutagenesis with ethyl methane sulfonate. The activities of hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) in three such mutants have been found to exhibit an increased Km for the substrate 5-phosphoribosyl-1-pyrophosphate. The(More)
Formerly, we isolated a series of dihydrofolate reductase-deficient Chinese hamster ovary cell mutants that were induced by N-acetoxy-2-acetylaminofluorene. Deletions and complex gene rearrangements were detected in 28% of these mutants; 72% contained putative point mutations. In the present study, we have localized the putative point mutations in the(More)
A method for the selective killing of methotrexate (MTX)-resistant cells has been developed. The selection is based on the incorporation of tritiated deoxyuridine into the DNA of MTX-resistant cells but not normal MTX-sensitive cells in the presence of the drug. A Chinese hamster ovary cell mutant that overproduces dihydrofolate reductase was used as an(More)