G. Umamaheshwara Rao

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An interactive computer program was developed to derive femoral neck geometry from raw bone mineral image data for an estimate of hip strength using single plane engineering stress analysis. The program, which we call Hip Strength Analysis (HSA), was developed as an attempt to improve the predictive value of hip bone mineral data for osteoporosis fracture(More)
An advanced backcross QTL study was performed in pepper using a cross between the cultivated species Capsicum annuum cv. Maor and the wild C. frutescens BG 2816 accession. A genetic map from this cross was constructed, based on 248 BC2 plants and 92 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers distributed throughout the genome. Ten yield-related(More)
This study reports emission factors of carbon monoxide and size-resolved aerosols from combustion of wood, dung cake, and biofuel briquette in traditional and improved stoves in India. Wood was the cleanest burning fuel, with higher emissions of CO from dung cake and particulate matter from both dung cake and briquette fuels. Combustion of dung cake,(More)
The soft flesh and deciduous fruit of pepper (Capsicum spp.) originated from the wild C. frutescens BG 2816 accession is a complete dominant trait controlled by the S gene. We constructed an F2 population from a cross of BG 2816 (SS) and the bell-type C. annuum cultivar Maor (ss) and determined that S cosegregated with the tomato fruit-specific(More)
Bone-mineral measurements using quantitative computed tomography (QCT) are commonly based on comparisons with solutions in water of known concentrations of K2HPO4. In this paper are described theoretical and experimental studies that have led to the conclusion that large systematic errors can arise in these measurements, depending on the soft-tissue and fat(More)
A method was developed to estimate tissue doses from the upper gastrointestinal fluoroscopy examination. It involved measuring the technical parameters of the clinical examination, partitioning the dynamic examination into a set of discrete x-ray fields, and generating corresponding tissue does tables with an existing computer program. Knowledge of the(More)
fs3.1 is a major fruit shape (defined as the ratio of fruit length to fruit width) quantitative trait locus (QTL) originally detected in an intraspecific cross of Capsicum annuum between the blocky and elongated-fruited inbreds 'Maor' and 'Perennial', respectively. In addition to increasing fruit shape index, the 'Perennial' allele at fs3.1 increased fruit(More)
A theory of edge enhancement has been developed to describe xeroradiographic images of linear step objects. The theory is shown to give an accurate description of the relationship between edge enhancement, subject contrast, radiation exposure, selenium charging potential and developer bias potential. An optimal transmitted x-ray exposure exists which gives(More)
Positive-mode xeroradiography is an excellent method of visualizing soft-tissue structures in mammography and other procedures; however, toner deletions over a large area may preclude adequate delineation of the soft tissues near high-density structures such as bone. Use of the negative mode in the development cycle provides excellent demonstration of the(More)