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Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF)--a direct communication between the bladder and the vagina--is a major gynecological problem in Nigeria resulting in leakage of urine into the vagina. The major cause of VVF in West Africa is pressure necrosis due to prolonged labor. In Nigeria, VVF has social, economic, and religious implications. Many women with VVF are(More)
A comparative study of vesico-vaginal fistulae cases and controls was carried out at two tertiary hospitals in Maiduguri, Nigeria. The fistulae cases were significantly shorter in height, younger in age at marriage and had a higher divorce rate. Prolonged labour, traditional surgical practice of "gishiri cut" and ignorance were identified as the commonest(More)
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