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The prognostic contribution of intratumour VEGF, the most important factor in tumour-induced angiogenesis, to NPI was evaluated by using flexible modelling in a series of 226 N-primary breast cancer patients in which steroid receptors and cell proliferation were also accounted for. VEGF provided an additional prognostic contribution to NPI mainly within(More)
Infiltration by lymphoid cells is a common feature of many human tumors, including breast carcinomas, and the degree of infiltration has been suggested to be a measure of the host immune response. Our analyses in a series of 1919 cases of primary ductal and lobular infiltrating breast carcinomas from women with a long-term follow-up revealed: (a) a 16-17%(More)
The predictive role of tumour proliferative rate and expression of p53, bcl-2 and bax proteins, alone and in association with tumour size, nodal involvement and oestrogen receptors (ER), was analysed on 145 elderly patients (> or =70 years of age) with histologically assessed node-positive breast cancers treated with radical or conservative surgery plus(More)
Most studies are in favor of a prognostic relevance of p53 accumulation determined by immunohistochemistry in breast cancer, but negative results are not lacking. On a series of 1400 patients with lymph node-negative cancers treated with local-regional therapy alone until relapse and with a median follow-up of 10 years, we validated the prognostic relevance(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic and predictive value of p27 expression in patients with early breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Quantitative immunofluorescence assays for p27 were done on a tissue microarray that included 823 samples from patients randomized between anthracycline-based chemotherapy and no(More)
BACKGROUND Fenretinide, a vitamin A analogue, has been shown to inhibit breast carcinogenesis in preclinical studies. We determined the efficacy of fenretinide in preventing a second breast malignancy in women with breast cancer. METHODS We randomly assigned 2972 women, aged 30-70 years, with surgically removed stage I breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in(More)
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