Learn More
mAb R73 detects a T cell-specific surface molecule consisting of two disulfide-linked subunits of 40 and 46 kD, respectively, on 97% of peripheral rat T cells, as defined by the OX-52 marker. Of the few OX-52+ R73- cells, none are CD4+ but many express the CD8 antigen known to be present on rat NK cells. mAb R73 is mitogenic for unseparated spleen cells and(More)
T11 target structure (T11TS) and lymphocyte function-associated antigen (LFA) 3 are the cell-surface glycoproteins on sheep and human erythrocytes (E) binding to cluster differentiation 2 (the E-receptor) on T cells in E rosette formation. Here we show that this functional cross-reactivity is most likely due to a structural homology of these molecules. A(More)
T11 target structure (T11TS) is a sheep cell surface glycoprotein that binds to the E receptor of human and sheep T lymphocytes. Here we report that T11TS has a broad tissue distribution, including mature and immature hematopoietic cells, vascular endothelium and smooth muscle. The density of T11TS expression was determined by Scatchard analysis with(More)
Expression of the rat CD8 molecule was studied using five novel monoclonal antibodies (mAb), four of which are specific for the V-like domain of CD8 alpha, whereas one reacts either with the beta chain or with a determinant only expressed on the CD8 alpha/beta heterodimer. mAb to both chains effectively blocked purified lymph node CD8 T cells in mixed(More)
Activation of resting T lymphocytes is initiated by the interaction of cell-surface receptors with their corresponding ligands. In addition to activation through the CD3 (T3)-Ti antigen-receptor complex, recent experiments have demonstrated induction of T-cell proliferation through the CD2 (T11) molecule, traditionally known as the erythrocyte(E)-receptor,(More)
We have compared the transmembrane sequences of 72 vertebrate antigen receptor (mIg and TCR) polypeptides. This allowed us to identify a Conserved Antigen Receptor Transmembrane (CART) motif which is present in all antigen receptor transmembrane domains from species as far removed as cartilaginous fish. Most of the amino acids in the CART motif are polar or(More)
In this study we have used cells expressing LFA-3 or T11TS, the human and sheep forms of the ligand of CD2, as well as the purified LFA-3 and T11TS molecules themselves to study their effects on T cell activation via the CD2-mediated "alternative pathway". Sheep red blood cells, which bind to CD2 via T11TS in E-rosette formation, and human autologous(More)
A monoclonal antibody (mAb) generated against sheep T-cell blasts, called I/35 A, blocks sheep autologous E rosetting and competes with purified T11 target structure (TS), the sheep form of LFA3, for binding sites on the sheep T-cell surface. Immunoprecipitation from lysates of surface iodinated sheep T cells identifies the cell surface molecule recognized(More)
Antigen stimulation through the T cell receptor (TCR) induces phosphorylation of the associated CD3 gamma delta epsilon- and zeta-chain cytoplasmic tails. These events lead to the induction of the intracellular signaling pathways with concomitant receptor down-regulation. The TCR is down-regulated from the cell surface by the activation of protein kinase, C(More)