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This study for the first time elaborates on cells of the immune system present in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Compared with normal prostate, all BPH-derived specimens revealed a marked increase of CD45+ leukocytes, characterization of which demonstrated three major cell types, i.e., CD3+ T lymphocytes, CD11c+ macrophages and CD20+ B lymphocytes.(More)
Rat liver cells express the multispecific organic anion transporter (cmoat, cmrp, mrp2) and P-glycoprotein (Pgp) in their canalicular membranes, proteins that are homologous to the multidrug-resistance related protein (MRP) and multidrug resistance (MDR) gene products in multidrug resistant tumor cells. We tested whether genistein, a modulator of drug(More)
The treatment of advanced metastatic prostate cancer by hormone manipulation or orchiectomy is frequently followed by the appearance of hormone-insensitive and highly chemoresistant tumor cells. In this study we have investigated the contribution of the P-glycoprotein-mediated drug efflux (multidrug-resistance; MDR) to the cellular resistance of prostate(More)
The purpose of the present study was to identify cytokeratin polypeptides that are specifically associated with the basal and luminal epithelia of the human prostate. This aim was accomplished by immunohistochemical and immunoblot analysis of human prostate using cytokeratin-specific monoclonal antibodies. In immunohistochemical studies, monoclonal(More)
Serum-free growth of Ewing's sarcoma (ES) and primitive peripheral neuroectodermal tumour (pPNET) cell lines was achieved by supplementing a basal medium with insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). These cultures were used to investigate the sensitivity of 3 ES (EW-2, RD-ES, SK-ES-1) and 3 pPNET (SIM-1, KAL, SAL) cell lines to a panel of anti-tumour agents(More)
Coumarin as well as its derivatives 7-OH coumarin and 4-OH coumarin were found to stimulate interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) release from freshly isolated human mononuclear cells (MNC) if the culture medium contained fetal calf serum. Under serum-free conditions, almost no induction of IL-1 beta release was observed and the former effect could be completely(More)
The 3-5 year survival rates of patients with disseminated Ewing's sarcoma (ES) or the closely related peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) remain low, even under aggressive treatment involving highly toxic multidrug chemotherapeutic regimens. ES and PNET are sensitive to doxorubicin, but may escape treatment by expression of the(More)
The pseudoautosomal encoded MIC2 glycoprotein is a tumor-associated antigen of Ewing's sarcoma (ES) and closely related tumors of unknown function. To investigate the use of this protein as selective drug carrier recombinant MIC2 was coupled to doxorubicin by a two step glutaraldehyde method (molar ratio DOX/MIC2 of 32 and 16). The conjugates showed(More)
Treatment of advanced prostate cancer by continuous androgen suppression results in excellent short-term response but poor long-term survival. Intermittent androgen suppression (IAS) aims to maintain androgen responsiveness of tumor cells by regular cycles of treatment cessations and tumor regrowth to specific prostate-specific antigen limits. First(More)