G. Tamura

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BACKGROUND E (epithelial)-cadherin, the cell adhesion molecule also considered a potential invasion/metastasis suppressor, is mutationally inactivated in nearly half of all undifferentiated-scattered (diffuse-type) gastric carcinomas. In addition, silencing of E-cadherin by CpG methylation within its promoter region has been reported in several gastric(More)
Mutations of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene have recently been shown to play an important role in colorectal tumorigenesis. We investigated mutations of the APC gene in 30 gastric adenomas obtained endoscopically. Mutations of the APC gene were examined by polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis followed by(More)
Similar to findings in colorectal cancers, it has been suggested that disruption of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC)/beta-catenin pathway may be involved in breast carcinogenesis. However, somatic mutations of APC and beta- catenin are infrequently reported in breast cancers, in contrast to findings in colorectal cancers. To further explore the role of(More)
During an allelotype analysis of differentiated adenocarcinoma of the stomach, we observed frequent loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on several chromosomes including the long arm of chromosome 21 (21q). Therefore, we analyzed DNA isolated from 45 tumors for LOH at 10 loci on 21q by using polymorphic microsatellite markers. In 20 (44%) of 45 tumors, we detected(More)
RASSF2, a member of the RASSF1 family, has recently been identified as a potential tumour suppressor. We examined methylation status in multiple regions which included the CpG island and spanned the transcription start site of RASSF2 in 10 gastric cancer cell lines, as well as 78 primary gastric cancers and corresponding non-neoplastic gastric epithelia.(More)
In order to elucidate the significance of the adenoma-carcinoma sequence in gastric carcinogenesis from a genetic point of view, we examined microsatellite alterations (replication error and loss of heterozygosity) on chromosomes 2p (D2S123), 3p (D3S1317), 5q (D5S409), 9p (IFNA), and 13q (D13S153) as well as p53 gene mutations in 13 adenomas and 23(More)
Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 18q21 is frequently found in various human cancers, suggesting the presence of tumour suppressor gene(s) in this chromosomal region. DCC is the most likely target of LOH because loss or reduction of DCC expression has been found in many types of cancers. However, few reports have focused on sequence mutations of(More)
Melanoma antigen (MAGE)-encoding genes are expressed in various tumour types via demethylation of their promoter CpG islands, which are silent in all non-neoplastic tissues except for the testis and placenta. The clinicopathological significance of demethylation of MAGE genes in gastric carcinoma is not known. We investigated the promoter methylation status(More)
While chromosomal instability is a common feature of human solid tumours, no abnormalities in genes involved in the mitotic checkpoint have been identified. However, recently, Chfr (checkpoint with forkhead associated and ring finger), a mitotic stress checkpoint gene, has been reported to be inactivated due to promoter hypermethylation in several types of(More)
Effects of an antitumor antibiotic, ascofuranone (AF) on the murine immune system were studied. Unlike lectins, AF did not induce any proliferative response of splenocytes. Furthermore, AF significantly inhibited proliferative response of splenocytes in response to lectins, such as concanavalin A, lipopolysaccharide, or phytohemagglutinin above 5(More)