G. Tamura

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During an allelotype analysis of differentiated adenocarcinoma of the stomach, we observed frequent loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on several chromosomes including the long arm of chromosome 21 (21q). Therefore, we analyzed DNA isolated from 45 tumors for LOH at 10 loci on 21q by using polymorphic microsatellite markers. In 20 (44%) of 45 tumors, we detected(More)
Similar to findings in colorectal cancers, it has been suggested that disruption of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC)/beta-catenin pathway may be involved in breast carcinogenesis. However, somatic mutations of APC and beta- catenin are infrequently reported in breast cancers, in contrast to findings in colorectal cancers. To further explore the role of(More)
RASSF2, a member of the RASSF1 family, has recently been identified as a potential tumour suppressor. We examined methylation status in multiple regions which included the CpG island and spanned the transcription start site of RASSF2 in 10 gastric cancer cell lines, as well as 78 primary gastric cancers and corresponding non-neoplastic gastric epithelia.(More)
While chromosomal instability is a common feature of human solid tumours, no abnormalities in genes involved in the mitotic checkpoint have been identified. However, recently, Chfr (checkpoint with forkhead associated and ring finger), a mitotic stress checkpoint gene, has been reported to be inactivated due to promoter hypermethylation in several types of(More)
Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 18q21 is frequently found in various human cancers, suggesting the presence of tumour suppressor gene(s) in this chromosomal region. DCC is the most likely target of LOH because loss or reduction of DCC expression has been found in many types of cancers. However, few reports have focused on sequence mutations of(More)
Melanoma antigen (MAGE)-encoding genes are expressed in various tumour types via demethylation of their promoter CpG islands, which are silent in all non-neoplastic tissues except for the testis and placenta. The clinicopathological significance of demethylation of MAGE genes in gastric carcinoma is not known. We investigated the promoter methylation status(More)
Glucocorticoids affect a variety of tissues to enable the organism to adapt to the stress. Hippocampal neurons contain glucocorticoid receptors and respond to elevated glucocorticoid levels by down-regulating the HPA axis. Chronically, however, stress is deleterious to hippocampal neurons. Chronically elevated levels of glucocorticoids result in a decrease(More)
Human cancers with a high frequency microsatellite instability phenotype develop due to defects in DNA mismatch repair genes. Silencing of a DNA mismatch repair gene, hMLH1 gene, by promoter hypermethylation is a frequent cause of the microsatellite instability-H phenotype. Using methylation specific PCR we investigated the methylation status of the hMLH1(More)
The precursor of Bacillus subtilis alpha-amylase contains an NH2-terminal extension of 41 amino acid residues as the signal sequence. The E. coli beta-lactamase structural gene was fused with the DNA for the promoter and signal sequence regions. Activity of beta-lactamase was expressed and more than 95% of the activity was secreted into the culture medium.(More)
K1 killer toxin secreted by the K1 strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has been well characterized. It is a simple protein of molecular weight (MW) 11,470 (ref. 3), encoded by a double-stranded, linear RNA plasmid, called M RNA, of MW 1.1-1.7 x 10(6) (refs 4-6). It is lethal to sensitive Saccharomyces cerevisiae which does not carry M RNA. Leakage of K+ and(More)