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MHC class I-restricted CD8+ T cells are important for the generation of protective immune responses in MTB infection. CD8+ CTL (cytotoxic T-lymphocyte)-derived IFN-g may be especially important both for cells lacking MHC class II molecules, e.g. in the lung and for macrophages where mycobacteria can evade recognition during chronic infection by sequestering(More)
Background: Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccine has displayed inconsistent efficacy in different trials conducted in various geographical regions. Nevertheless, it significantly reduces the risk of severe childhood tuberculosis and continues to be used to prevent tuberculosis in many countries. Many studies revealed that efficacy of vaccine wanes with age. Most(More)
BACKGROUND Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), defined as resistance to at least isoniazid (INH) and rifampicin (RMP), is considered a threat to TB control. Implementation of DOTS ensures high cure rates and prevents MDR. OBJECTIVE To study the prevalence of MDR-TB from a retrospective analysis of the data in a tuberculosis unit where DOTS was(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccine has displayed inconsistent efficacy in different trials conducted in various geographical regions. Nevertheless, it significantly reduces the risk of severe childhood tuberculosis and continues to be used to prevent tuberculosis in many countries. Many studies revealed that efficacy of vaccine wanes with age. Most(More)
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