G. Strazzulla

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In this experimental study, cells of the radiation-resistant bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans were exposed to several different sources of radiation chosen to replicate the charged particles found in the solar wind. Naked cells or cells mixed with dust grains (basalt or sandstone) differing in elemental composition were exposed to electrons, protons, and(More)
The plasma levels of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity, growth hormone and insulin were measured using a RIA method in healthy volunteers every 4h during the day and every 2h at night, without waking the subjects. In the waking state the fluctuation of plasma somatostatin-like immunoreactivity level only occurred near to meal time. A marked episodic surge(More)
It is well known that particle shape and size can have very important effects on the profile of icy absorption features. In fact Mie-scattering calculations show that absorption features can be shifted with respect to laboratory (bulk) spectra of thin films and subpeaks appear. The difference between bulk spectra and small particle extinction spectra(More)
Inter-and circumstellar ices comprise different molecules accreted on cold dust particles. These icy dust grains provide a molecule reservoir where particles can interact and react. As the grain acts as a third body, capable of absorbing energy, icy surfaces in space have a catalytic effect. Chemical reactions are triggered by a number of possible processes(More)
To investigate the cardiovascular effects of pathophysiological levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), 7 healthy subjects were submitted to equilibrium radionuclide angiocardiography in baseline conditions and during BNP infusion at increasing doses (4, 8, 10 and 12 pmol/kg.min for 20 min each). BNP induced a progressive, significant reduction in left(More)
The European AstRoMap project (supported by the European Commission Seventh Framework Programme) surveyed the state of the art of astrobiology in Europe and beyond and produced the first European roadmap for astrobiology research. In the context of this roadmap, astrobiology is understood as the study of the origin, evolution, and distribution of life in(More)
In the last 20 years we have studied some effects induced by fast ions (E approximately keV-MeV) impinging on solid materials (mainly ices) with a view to their astrophysical relevance. The main techniques used have been infrared and Raman spectroscopy. Here we review some of the results obtained so far concerning, in particular, the formation of new(More)
The action of i.v. histamine on human skin inflammation experimentally induced with carbon dioxide snow in man is described. Histamine was injected when the skin reaction was on the wane to determine its possible reactivation of inflammation. Complete recrudescence of erythralgia was noted (reappearance of pain and of erythralgic halo, with a fresh spread(More)
We have investigated the effects induced by ion bombardment of mixtures containing nitrogen-bearing compounds at low temperatures. The results show the formation of a band at 2080 cm-1 in binary mixtures, NH3:CH4 and N2:CH4, which we attribute to HCN embedded in the organic residue formed by ion irradiation. In addition to this band, ternary mixtures(More)
Some results, recently obtained from laboratory experiments of ion irradiation of ice mixtures containing H, C, N, and O, are here summarized. They are relevant to the formation and evolution of complex organics on interstellar dust, comets and other small bodies in the external Solar System. In particular the formation of CN-bearing species is discussed.(More)