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We report a patient who was evaluated neuropsychologically and with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) during and after an episode of transient global amnesia. During the attack, there was patchy retrograde amnesia and an inability to learn both verbal and non-verbal material. SPECT showed severe bitemporal hypoperfusion. Serial… (More)
Patients with coronary artery disease can exhibit substantial vascular involvement; and vascular patients have a high incidence of coronary disease. Combined coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and treatment of extracranial cerebrovascular disease was performed in 52 patients, presenting strong indications for surgical treatment of coronary artery… (More)
Superficial siderosis of the central nervous system (SSC) typically involves slowly progressive ataxia, hypoacusis and dementia, possibly with pyramidal signs and sphincter disturbances in combination with xanthochromic CSF with siderophages. However, there are also atypical oligosymptomatic forms. Before the era of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),… (More)
"Spontaneous" dissection of the internal carotid artery is a not unusual cause of stroke, particularly in younger subjects. Initial signs are typical, whereas the spectrum of neurological deficits is wide. Three selected case records are presented which demonstrate the spectrum of symptoms and the management of this disease.
Disturbances of the vertebrobasilar circulation are often seen by the general physician and usually described as "vertebrobasilar insufficiency" (VBI). However, the term VBI is only a description of a syndrome and not a definitive diagnosis. It is emphasized that on therapeutic grounds the different etiologies and pathogenesis of this syndrome should be… (More)
The nuclei for the nerves of a dorsal (m. splenius) and a ventral (m. longus capitis) neck muscle of the rat were retrogradely labeled by applying horseradish peroxidase (HRP) to the respective cut muscle nerves. Motoneurons of both muscles were analyzed for their localization, diameter of perikarya, and area of dendritic arborization. The nucleus of m.… (More)
Deterioration of a neurologic deficit was observed in a 47-year-old patient with high-grade bilateral internal carotid artery stenoses. She presented monoplegia of the right leg with progression to triplegia (bicrural and left arm) following antihypertensive treatment of a suspected "hypertensive crisis". Triplegia is a very rare syndrome and highly… (More)
We report the case of 71-year old Caucasian woman with ovarian cancer, who developed paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD). Pathognomonical anti Yo antibodies could be identified in serum specimens. We describe the history and clinical presentation and summarise the disease.