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Recent data suggest that cholesterol metabolism is linked to susceptibility to Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, no direct evidence has been reported linking cholesterol metabolism and the pathogenesis of AD. To test the hypothesis that amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) deposition can be modulated by diet-induced hypercholesterolemia, we used a transgenic-mouse(More)
BACKGROUND The Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (frequency, 1:20,000 to 1:40,000) is defined by a constellation of severe birth defects affecting most organ systems. Abnormalities frequently include profound mental retardation, severe failure to thrive, and a high infant-mortality rate. The syndrome has heretofore been diagnosed only from its clinical(More)
Clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory studies suggest that cholesterol may play a role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Transgenic mice exhibiting an Alzheimer's beta-amyloid phenotype were treated with the cholesterol-lowering drug BM15.766 and tested for modulation of beta-amyloid levels. BM15.766 treatment reduced plasma cholesterol,(More)
Down-regulation of cholesterol biosynthesis in sitosterolemia: diminished activities of acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase, reductase, squalene synthase, and 7-dehydrocholesterol ⌬ 7-reductase in liver and mononuclear leukocytes Abstract Sitosterolemia is a recessively inherited disorder characterized by abnormally increased(More)
Bile acid production in cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is subnormal, yet the activity of cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase, the rate-determining enzyme of bile acid synthesis, is elevated. To explain this discrepancy, bile acid precursors were sought in bile and feces of three CTX subjects. Over 10% of the total sterols excreted in bile and feces(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether type I and the more severe type II variant of Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome have the same metabolic defect and to learn which plasma sterol measurements best predict survival. METHODS Plasma sterols were measured in 33 individuals (24 type I, 9 type II) with a clinical diagnosis of the syndrome. RESULTS Cholesterol levels(More)
Tissue sterol composition was determined in an 18-year-old male with sitosterolemia with xanthomatosis who died suddenly and whose coronary and aortic vessels showed extensive atherosclerosis and, for comparison, in an 18-year-old male with minimal atherosclerosis who died accidently. Sterols in the control tissues (plasma, erythrocytes, cardiac muscle,(More)
Niemann-Pick C (NPC) disease is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a lysosomal accumulation of cholesterol and other lipids within the cells of patients. Clinically identical forms of NPC disease are caused by defects in either of two different proteins: NPC1, a lysosomal-endosomal transmembrane protein and NPC2, a soluble lysosomal protein(More)
The Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome is a recessive inherited disorder characterized by neurologic developmental defects and dysmorphic features in many organs. Recently, abnormal cholesterol biosynthesis with impaired conversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol to cholesterol has been discovered in homozygotes. To reproduce the biochemical abnormality, BM 15.766, a(More)