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The nature and amount of essential fatty acids in dietary fat play a leading part in the repartition of brain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 and n-6). In order to determine precisely the respective roles of linolenic and linoleic acids in the diet on rat brain development, we used two diets in which the percentage of linolenic acid (18:3 n-3) was(More)
Male Wistar rats were fed rapeseed oil containing high or low levels or erucic acid for 20 weeks, and changes in the fatty acid composition of cardiac mitochondrial phospholipids were studied. Treatment with rapeseed oil containing 46.2% erucic acid showed incorporation of 22∶1 (5.6%) into isolated cardiolipin from heart mitochondria. After high or low(More)
We describe a new specific method for measuring lecithin, sphingomyelin, and phosphatidylglycerol in amniotic fluid by thin-layer chromatography, with use of a hydrogen flame ionization detector. After extraction and acetone precipitation to isolate surface-active lecithin, the phospholipids are separated on a thin rod of refractory and chemically stable(More)
The influence of long duration rapeseed oil feeding with high or low levels of erucic acid has been investigated on rat heart phospholipids. The rats treated for 20 wk with rapeseed oil containing 46.2% erucic acid showed a twofold increase in the sphingomyelin content of the heart. Treatment with primor rapeseed oil (3.7% erucic acid) for 20 wk did not(More)
Inhibition enzyme immunoassay was applied to human apolipoprotein B (apo-B) from plasma. The technical conditions of the assay were determined. The detection limits of the assay were 200 ng to 10 microgram/ml. Correlation coefficients obtained between enzymoassay and rocket immunoelectrophoresis on one hand and radial immunodiffusion on the other were(More)
In normal individuals, insulin regulates lipoprotein metabolism. It increases hepatic triglycerides (TG) secretion and makes VLDL and chylomicrons post prandial removal easy by stimulating adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase (LPL). Insulin activity and cholesterol rich lipoprotein is more complicated: by its action on VLDL and chylomicrons turn-over, it(More)
We used enzyme immunoassay to measure apolipoprotein B concentration in human plasma. Pure lipoprotein B was isolated from serum samples of fasting normolipidemic subjects by sequential preparative ultracentrifugation and coated to a polystyrene tube surface by adsorption. Human serum samples and rabbit antiserum to human apolipoprotein B were incubated(More)
Plasma apo B and apo A-I were determined in 477 subjects (206 males and 271 females) by laser immuno-nephelometry. Measurements of VLDL- + LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides were done simultaneously. VLDL- + LDL-cholesterol and apo B values were similar in males and females and increased with age. HDL-cholesterol and apo A-I values were(More)