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This investigation was conducted to further elucidate both the significance of a calvarial suture and the compensatory ability of the cranial vault. Four-week-old male New Zealand White rabbits were subjected to unilateral or bilateral extirpation of the coronal suture after insertion of metallic markers, and were then followed regularly by roentgen(More)
I have developed a roentgen stereophotogrammetric method for determination of positions of radiopaque markers in an object. The space coordinates are determined in a laboratory coordinate system, which is defined by markers in a test "cage". The markers in the test cage function as calibration points, and are roentgenographed on the same film(s) as the(More)
Using roentgen stereophotogrammetry we have recorded the three-dimensional movements of the knee during an anteroposterior laxity test in 36 patients with torn anterior cruciate ligaments and in three cadaver knees. At 30 degrees of knee flexion and before loads were applied the tibia occupied a more laterally rotated position if the anterior cruciate(More)
In 10 patients with an old injury of the anterior cruciate ligament, the three-dimensional movements of the knee joint were studied when the patients flexed their knees. Tibial motions were recorded using roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis. Internal rotation and adduction of the tibia were reduced in the injured knees when compared with the intact(More)
Condylar displacement similar to that occurring during and after mandibular ramus osteotomies was simulated in an in vitro study. Three different radiographic methods were used to measure the displacement, and the accuracy of the methods was compared. The stereometric method was more accurate than the plain radiographic methods and permitted measurements in(More)
The axis of the talo-crural joint was analysed by roentgen stereophotogrammetry in eight healthy volunteers. Examinations were performed at 10 degrees increments of flexion and pronation/supination of the foot as well as medial and lateral rotation of the leg. Results indicate that the talo-crural joint axis changes continuously throughout the range of(More)
The influence of pronation and supination of the foot on the joints of the ankle/foot complex was analyzed three dimensionally by roetgen stereophotogrammetry in eight healthy volunteers. Radiopaque markers were introduced into the tibia, talus, calcaneus, navicular, medial cuneiform, and first metatarsal bones. The subjects stood on a platform that was(More)
In an in vivo kinematical investigation, the movements of the ankle/food complex induced by external rotation of the leg from an internally rotated position were analyzed by roentgen stereophotogrammetry. Radiopaque markers were introduced into the tibia, talus, calcaneus, navicular, medial cuneiform, and first metatarsal bones of eight healthy volunteers.(More)
The rotatory stability of the knee was investigated in 20 patients with a previous tear of the ACL. The three-dimensional movements of the tibia during the testing procedure were registered using roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis. Changes of the tibial movements between an intermediate, an anterior, or a posterior tibial position were registered using(More)
In eight healthy volunteers the angular and translatory motions of the fibula in relation to the tibia were investigated by roentgenstereophotogrammetry. Tantalum markers (0·8mm) were introduced into the tibia and fibula of the right leg. Examinations were performed with full body load in 10° increments of plantar-/dorsiflexion and pro-/supination of the(More)