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In this paper, we present a new soft-decision decoding algorithm for Reed-Muller codes. It is based on the GMC decoding algorithm proposed by Schnabl and Bossert [1] which interprets Reed-Muller codes as generalized multiple concatenated codes. We extend the GMC algorithm to list-decoding (L-GMC). As a result, a SDML decoding algorithm for the first order(More)
The accuracy of standardized patient clinical problem presentation was evaluated by videotape rating of a random sample of 839 student-patient encounters, representing 88 patients, 27 cases and two university test sites. Patient-student encounters were sampled from a collaborative inter-university final-year clinical examination of fourth-year medical(More)
Should the Japanese yen be depreciated to revive the Japanese economy? Since the bursting of the stock-and land-market bubbles in 1990-91, the Japanese economy has fallen into its deepest postwar recession. Because fiscal policy and monetary policy are at their limits in combating recession and deflation, a possible foreign exchange policy “solution” has(More)
Current Account Imbalances and Structural Adjustment in the Euro Area: How to Rebalance Competitiveness Low international competitiveness of a set of euro area countries, which have become evident by large current account deficits and rising risk premiums on government bonds, is one of the most challenging economic policy issues for Europe. We analyse the(More)
Medical educators at undergraduate, postgraduate and continuing medical education levels acknowledge that communication is a fundamental medical skill. Responding to patient, professional and governmental advocates, as well as to advances in research on patient-physician communication and its teaching, some medical educators are in the process of starting(More)
Primary care physicians must identify and manage work-related disease, yet it is unclear whether training is adequate to accomplish this. This study examines the performance of 110 candidates, including 93 4th-year medical students, in the diagnosis and treatment of a standardized patient with occupational illness. Results indicated that the students did(More)
Motivated by the observed international reserve hoarding behavior in the post-1997 crisis period, we explore the Mrs Machlup’s Wardrobe hypothesis and the related keeping up with the Joneses argument. It is conceived that, in addition to psychological reasons, holding a relatively high level of international reserves reduces the vulnerability to speculative(More)