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The hepatic tumor-promoting activity of a mixture of polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (PHAHs) was studied in a medium term two-stage initiation/promotion bioassay in female Sprague-Dawley rats. The PHAH mixture contained 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), 1, 2,3,7,8-pentachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (PeCDD), 2,3,4,7, 8-pentachlorodibenzofuran(More)
Risk assessment of dioxins is currently based on induction of liver tumors in rats. The toxicity of dioxins is characterized by large sensitivity differences among animal species and even strains of the same species, which complicates the risk assessment. The significance of these differences in dioxin-induced carcinogenicity is not known. We therefore(More)
A biologically based, quantitative foci-growth model was used to analyze the effect of 20 and 52 weeks treatment with 2,4,5,3', 4'-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB118) on the development of enzyme-altered foci in rat liver initiated with partial hepatectomy and diethylnitrosamine. Hepatocyte proliferation was examined and the data were used in the selection of(More)
The hepatic tumor promoting activity of the planar 0-1 ortho ( approximately 9.7% w/w) and the nonplanar 2-4 ortho ( approximately 90.3% w/w) fraction of the commercial PCB mixture Aroclor 1260 was studied using a medium-term two-stage initiation/promotion bioassay in female Sprague-Dawley rats. Fractionation was carried out on an activated charcoal column.(More)
Interactive effects between the non-ortho-substituted 3,3', 4,4', 5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB126), the mono-ortho-substituted 2,3,3',4, 4'-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB105), and the di-ortho-substituted 2,2',4, 4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB153) were studied in an initiation/promotion bioassay. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with 30 mg/kg ip of(More)
The metabolism of benzo[a]pyrene (BP) in regenerating rat liver and the induction of enzyme-altered foci (EAF) in the liver of partially hepatectomized rats, treated with BP and promoted with 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF)/CCl4 was investigated. The aim was to examine factors that might be of importance for the tumorigenicity of BP in the regenerating rat(More)
Female Sprague Dawley rats were treated subcutaneously for 20 weeks with an environmentally relevant mixture of dioxin-like PHAHs with (PHAH+) or without (PHAH-) 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl. The hepatic retention (% of given dose) of the various PHAH congeners differed considerably and in the following order: 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran(More)
The tumor promoting activity of 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 156) was studied in an initiation/promotion bioassay in female Sprague-Dawley rats initiated with N-nitrosodiethylamine after partial hepatectomy. PCB 156 (50, 300, 1500, or 7500 microg/kg body weight/week) was administered by once-weekly subcutaneous injections for 20 weeks. Some high(More)
The tumor promotion potential of 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB-118) was studied in a two-stage initiation/promotion bioassay in female Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were initiated by intraperitoneal administration of N-nitrosodiethylamine after partial hepatectomy. After 5 weeks of recovery, the promotion period commenced by once-weekly(More)
Mit Hilfe des freien Parameters in der Fixpunktgleichung des Parallelenverfahrens ist es möglich, die Lipschitz-Konstante der kontrahierenden Abbildung zu verkleinern. Durch diese Verkleinerung kann in geeigneten Fällen eine kontrahierende Abbildung erzeugt werden. Ist die Abbildung bereits kontrahierend, ist sie auch kontrahierend für den berechneten Wert(More)