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  • R K Shrestha, J Ni, W K Lam, G S Summy, S Wimberger
  • 2013
We report measurements of dynamical tunneling rates of a Bose-Einstein condensate across a barrier in classical phase space. The atoms are initially prepared in quantum states that extend over a classically regular island region. We focus on the specific system of quantum accelerator modes of the kicked rotor in the presence of gravity. Our experimental(More)
We experimentally explore the underlying pseudoclassical phase space structure of the quantum-kicked accelerator. This was achieved by exposing a Bose-Einstein condensate to the spatially corrugated potential created by pulses of an off-resonant standing light wave. For the first time quantum accelerator modes were realized in such a system. By utilizing(More)
We present detailed observations of the quantum delta-kicked rotor in the vicinity of a quantum resonance. Our experiment consists of an ensemble of cold cesium atoms subject to a pulsed off-resonant standing wave of light. We measure the mean energy and show clearly that at the quantum resonance it is a local maximum. We also examine the effect of noise on(More)
A theory of quantum ratchets for a particle periodically kicked by a general periodic potential under quantum-resonance conditions is developed for arbitrary values of the conserved quasi-momentum β. A special case of this theory is experimentally realized using a Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) exposed to a pulsed standing light wave. While this case(More)
We show that mode locking finds a purely quantum nondissipative counterpart in atom-optical quantum accelerator modes. These modes are formed by exposing cold atoms to periodic kicks in the direction of the gravitational field. They are anchored to generalized Arnol'd tongues, parameter regions where driven nonlinear classical systems exhibit mode locking.(More)
We present a general, semi-classical theory describing the interaction of an atom with an internal state consisting of a number of degenerate energy levels with static and oscillating magnetic fields. This general theory is applied to the 3 P 2 metastable energy level of neon to determine the dynamics of the populations and coherences that are formed due to(More)
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