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BACKGROUND Tacrolimus (FK506) ointment has been used for treatment of inflammatory dermatoses with remarkable success. Our previous studies have indicated that direct modulation of tacrolimus on keratinocytes (KCs) may have an impact on its therapeutic effect. The use of monoclonal antibody specific for tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha has shown efficacy(More)
BACKGROUND Cutaneous metastases are perceived as a sign of advanced disease and are regarded as a grave prognostic indicator. In addition, few reports have focused on the cutaneous metastasis profiles of Asian patients. OBJECTIVES We seek to analyse the clinical and prognostic characteristics of cutaneous tumour metastases in a Taiwanese medical centre.(More)
BACKGROUND Vitiligo is an acquired pigmentary disorder characterized by depigmentation of skin and hair. As the pathogenesis of this disease is still obscure, the treatment of vitiligo has generally been unsatisfactory and often disappointing. Topical tacrolimus (FK506) ointment has recently been added to the armamentarium against this pigmentary disorder.(More)
BACKGROUND Chemokines and their receptors, well known for their ability to attract leucocytes, also play important roles for tumour progression. OBJECTIVES To investigate the possible involvement of chemokine receptors in the pathogenesis of cutaneous basal cell carcinoma (BCC). METHODS We performed an expression analysis of chemokine receptors using a(More)
BACKGROUND Wound healing is a dynamic and complicated process in which inflammation, re-epithelialization and angiogenesis play important roles. Intriguingly, all three processes have been found to be defective during diabetic wound healing conditions. One common denominator associated with regulation of these events is human β-defensin-2 (hBD2). It has(More)
BACKGROUND Itch is the cardinal symptom of atopic dermatitis (AD). β-Endorphin, a neuropeptide, is increased in both AD skin and sera. Interleukin (IL)-31, an itch-relevant cytokine, activates IL-31 receptors in keratinocytes. However, how IL-31 and β-endorphin interact in AD skin remains elusive. OBJECTIVES To investigate the mechanistic interaction of(More)
An 81-year-old woman came to our clinic (Department of Dermatology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan) with multiple erythematous, indurated papules over the left side of her face. Two years earlier, the patient had a skin biopsy done at a similar anatomical area with the histopathological diagnosis of Bowen's disease. After reviewing surgical(More)
Hemagglutination activity was demonstrated in a Hantaan virus antigen prepared from infected suckling mouse brain by sucrose-acetone extraction. Hemagglutination of goose erythrocytes was pH dependent and was optimal at pH 6.0-6.2. Immunofluorescent and hemagglutination-inhibiting antibodies were significantly correlated in 80 human and 13 animal sera.(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus (DM) is characterized by impaired insulin signalling, elevated plasma glucose, and predisposition towards complications involving several organs. A major complication of DM is impairment of wound healing. In the re-epithelialization process during wound healing, migration of keratinocytes is a crucial step. Our previous report(More)
BACKGROUND Tacrolimus ointment (FK506) has been used in recent years for the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD), with favourable results. Most of the therapeutic efficacy of FK506 in AD has been attributed to its immunomodulatory effects on different immune cell types, but its effects on keratinocytes (KCs) have rarely been discussed. Studies have shown(More)