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In this paper, we describe an extrinsic-point-based, interactive image-guided neurosurgical system designed at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, as part of a collaborative effort among the Departments of Neurological Surgery, Computer Science, and Biomedical Engineering. Multimodal image-to-image (II) and image-to-physical (IP) registration is(More)
OBJECT The intracellular events transducing mitogenic signals from platelet-derived growth factor-beta (PDGFbeta) receptor tyrosine kinases are not precisely known. In this study the authors evaluated whether the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K)-Akt-p70S6K pathway is expressed in meningiomas, regulates their growth, and transduces mitogenic signals of(More)
We identified 35 patients who had undergone stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for their biochemically proven Cushing's disease in order to assess the efficacy of SRS with regard to control of hypercortisolism, improvement of clinical features and prevention of tumor progression, and subsequent incidence of hypopituitarism. Seventeen (49%) patients achieved(More)
We enrolled 125 neurologically normal patients with intracranial aneurysms in a multi-institution, prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial within 96 hours of their subarachnoid hemorrhage, to determine whether treatment with the calcium blocker nimodipine would prevent or reduce the severity of ischemic neurologic deficits from(More)
Interactive image-guided neurosurgical techniques allow safer and more complete cytoreduction of gliomas. This is most significant for low-grade tumors, whose configurations and margins are perhaps better appreciated by reference to registered MR images rather than by reliance on direct visualization using microscopic illumination. Spatially registered(More)
We performed in vitro experiments with a small volume chamber to determine the inhibitory effect of nifedipine on serotonin-, phenylephrine-, and potassium-induced contractions of canine basilar and femoral arteries. Nifedipine, an inhibitor of the influx of extracellular calcium into smooth muscle cells, was found to be a sensitive inhibitor of(More)
  • G S Allen
  • 1985
Spasm of the large cerebral arteries at the base of the brain causes delayed ischemic neurologic deficits in approximately 30% of patients after a subarachnoid hemorrhage from an intracranial aneurysm. In vitro chamber studies have shown that both dog and human large cerebral artery segments contract to a variety of vasoactive agents, and the dog and human(More)
The author presents a discussion of research on cerebral arterial spasm. Arterial smooth muscle contraction, receptor and relaxation mechanisms are presented in the context of what is known about cerebral arterial spasm and the biochemistry of vascular smooth muscle. Several new experimental approaches are suggested and a theoretical biochemical basis for(More)
The authors report a case of bilateral progressive visual loss in a patient with a radiological diagnosis of sphenoidal pneumosinus dilatans. At craniotomy, bilaterally symmetrical meningiomas of the optic nerve sheaths were found at the intracranial optic foramina. Reported cases of sphenoidal pneumosinus dilatans as well as bilateral meningiomas of the(More)