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In this paper, we describe an extrinsic-point-based, interactive image-guided neurosurgical system designed at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, as part of a collaborative effort among the Departments of Neurological Surgery, Computer Science, and Biomedical Engineering. Multimodal image-to-image (II) and image-to-physical (IP) registration is(More)
Interactive image-guided neurosurgical techniques allow safer and more complete cytoreduction of gliomas. This is most significant for low-grade tumors, whose configurations and margins are perhaps better appreciated by reference to registered MR images rather than by reliance on direct visualization using microscopic illumination. Spatially registered(More)
|An extrinsic point-based, interactive image-guided neurosurgical system has been designed at Vanderbilt in a collaborative eeort between the Departments of Neurosurgery, Biomedical Engineering, and Computer Science. In this paper we investigate the theoretical accuracy of point-based registration using numerical simulations, the experimental accuracy of(More)
We identified 35 patients who had undergone stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for their biochemically proven Cushing's disease in order to assess the efficacy of SRS with regard to control of hypercortisolism, improvement of clinical features and prevention of tumor progression, and subsequent incidence of hypopituitarism. Seventeen (49%) patients achieved(More)
In vitro binding of 3H-nimodipine to human brain membranes is demonstrated in this study. This binding was specific and saturable, and had an apparent affinity constant (KD) of 0.27 nM. The maximal number of binding sites for 3H-nimodipine was 5.8 pmoles/gm wet weight of human frontal cortex. The binding was shown to be dependent on calcium, with(More)
Stereotactic methods confer great accuracy to intracranial target localization, but require strict adherence to a complex program of mechanical and computational maneuvers. A computerized, articulated, localizing 'arm' has been developed that frees the neurosurgeon of these constraints and provides a completely intuitive, 'user-friendly' interface. This(More)
Visual function was assessed in 15 eyes of 11 patients who underwent unilateral (seven patients) or bilateral (four patients) optic canal decompression for presumed compressive optic neuropathies. Both immediate and long-term postoperative vision was evaluated in all eyes. Over 90% of the eyes that had undergone nerve decompression had either the same or(More)
Lovastatin inhibits 3-hydroxy 3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase the rate limiting enzyme for synthesis of mevalonic acid, a precursor for cholesterol, farnesyl and geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate isoprenoids. Recent studies suggest it also has growth inhibitory properties. Posttranslational farnesyl or geranylgeranylation of low molecular weight(More)
Results from a pilot study of adrenal medullary autotransplantation for Parkinson's disease are presented. Eighteen patients were studied; 12 were followed up for 1 year, and 6 were followed up for 6 months. Four of 12 patients showed distinct improvement in the signs and symptoms of their disease, as assessed using the Columbia Rating Scale, at 1 year;(More)
In vivo experiments in dogs demonstrated angiographically that the subarachnoid injection of blood produced cerebral arterial apasm both immediately after the injection of blood and 2 days later. The sublingual adminstration of nifedipine reversed both the acute and the delayed cerebral arterial spasm. In addition, sublingual administration of nifedipine 20(More)