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In this paper, we describe an extrinsic-point-based, interactive image-guided neurosurgical system designed at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, as part of a collaborative effort among the Departments of Neurological Surgery, Computer Science, and Biomedical Engineering. Multimodal image-to-image (II) and image-to-physical (IP) registration is(More)
Interactive image-guided neurosurgical techniques allow safer and more complete cytoreduction of gliomas. This is most significant for low-grade tumors, whose configurations and margins are perhaps better appreciated by reference to registered MR images rather than by reliance on direct visualization using microscopic illumination. Spatially registered(More)
|An extrinsic point-based, interactive image-guided neurosurgical system has been designed at Vanderbilt in a collaborative eeort between the Departments of Neurosurgery, Biomedical Engineering, and Computer Science. In this paper we investigate the theoretical accuracy of point-based registration using numerical simulations, the experimental accuracy of(More)
We identified 35 patients who had undergone stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for their biochemically proven Cushing's disease in order to assess the efficacy of SRS with regard to control of hypercortisolism, improvement of clinical features and prevention of tumor progression, and subsequent incidence of hypopituitarism. Seventeen (49%) patients achieved(More)
The 67LR (67 kDa laminin receptor) enables cells to interact with components of the extracellular matrix. The molecule is derived from the 37LRP (37 kDa laminin receptor precursor); however, the precise molecular mechanism of this conversion is unknown. Recombinant 37LRP, expressed in and purified from Escherichia coli, bound to human laminin in a SPR(More)
In vitro binding of 3H-nimodipine to human brain membranes is demonstrated in this study. This binding was specific and saturable, and had an apparent affinity constant (KD) of 0.27 nM. The maximal number of binding sites for 3H-nimodipine was 5.8 pmoles/gm wet weight of human frontal cortex. The binding was shown to be dependent on calcium, with(More)
In vivo experiments in dogs demonstrated angiographically that the subarachnoid injection of blood produced cerebral arterial apasm both immediately after the injection of blood and 2 days later. The sublingual adminstration of nifedipine reversed both the acute and the delayed cerebral arterial spasm. In addition, sublingual administration of nifedipine 20(More)
Stereotactic methods confer great accuracy to intracranial target localization, but require strict adherence to a complex program of mechanical and computational maneuvers. A computerized, articulated, localizing 'arm' has been developed that frees the neurosurgeon of these constraints and provides a completely intuitive, 'user-friendly' interface. This(More)
Visual function was assessed in 15 eyes of 11 patients who underwent unilateral (seven patients) or bilateral (four patients) optic canal decompression for presumed compressive optic neuropathies. Both immediate and long-term postoperative vision was evaluated in all eyes. Over 90% of the eyes that had undergone nerve decompression had either the same or(More)
BACKGROUND The management of craniopharyngiomas has historically been controversial in terms of the extent of initial surgical resection and the use of additional treatments. Various options include radical excision versus a more conservative surgical approach followed by external beam radiation; most recently, intracystic 32P radiation has been used in(More)