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BACKGROUND Research into adverse events (AEs) has highlighted the need to improve patient safety. AEs are unintended injuries or complications resulting in death, disability or prolonged hospital stay that arise from health care management. We estimated the incidence of AEs among patients in Canadian acute care hospitals. METHODS We randomly selected 1(More)
BACKGROUND Ineffective team communication is frequently at the root of medical error. The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics of communication failures in the operating room (OR) and to classify their effects. This study was part of a larger project to develop a team checklist to improve communication in the OR. METHODS Trained(More)
BACKGROUND Progressive independence is a traditional premise of clinical training. Recently, issues such as managed care, work hours limitation, and patient safety have begun to impact the degree of autonomy afforded to clinical trainees. This article reviews empirical evidence and theory pertaining to the role of progressive autonomy in clinical learning.(More)
Practitioners of patient safety practice change agree that champions are central to the success of implementation. The clinical champion role is a concept that has been widely promoted yet empirically underdeveloped in health services literature. Questions remain as to who these champions are, what roles they play in patient safety practice change and what(More)
Previous studies to examine the effects of thrombocytopenia on thrombopoiesis have generally utilized immune-mediated platelet depletion. We have developed a nonimmune model to exclude the possibility that adverse immune-mediated effects have been misinterpreted as the physiological response to stimulation of thrombopoiesis. Thrombopoiesis was examined in(More)
Effective communication and teamwork have been identified in the literature as key enablers of patient safety. The SBAR (Situation-Background-Assessment-Recommendation) process has proven to be an effective communication tool in acute care settings to structure high-urgency communications, particularly between physicians and nurses; however, little is known(More)
"Improved team communication" is broadly advocated in the discourse on safety but rarely supported by a precise understanding of the relationship between specific communication practices and concrete improvements in collaborative work processes. We sought to improve such understanding by analyzing the discourse arising from structured preoperative team(More)
BACKGROUND Pilot studies of complex interventions such as a team checklist are an essential precursor to evaluating how these interventions affect quality and safety of care. We conducted a pilot implementation of a preoperative team communication checklist. The objectives of the study were to assess the feasibility of the checklist (that is, team members'(More)
BACKGROUND Calls abound for a culture change in health care to improve patient safety. However, effective change cannot proceed without a clear understanding of perceptions and beliefs about error. In this study, we describe and compare operative team members' and patients' perceptions of error, reporting of error, and disclosure of error. METHODS(More)
We evaluated the effects of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25(OH)2D3), 24R,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (24,25(OH)2D3), and 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D3) on the release of parathyroid hormone (PTH). Bovine parathyroid tissues were incubated in vitro for 4 h in low-calcium (1.0 mM) medium. 1,25(OH)2D3 ((10(-9)-10(-12)M), 24,25(OH)2D3(More)