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The transients of normalized fluorescence yield induced by an actinic laser flash in dark adapted leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana plants were measured with new equipment, that was developed as part of this work and permits the covarage of a wide time domain of 8 decades from 100 ns to 10 s. The raw data obtained were processed and analyzed within the(More)
Photoinhibition was analyzed in O2-evolving and in Tris-treated PS II membrane fragments by measuring flash-induced absorption changes at 830 nm reflecting the transient P680+ formation and oxygen evolution. Irradiation by visible light affects the PS II electron transfer at two different sites: a) photoinhibition of site I eliminates the capability to(More)
Oxygen-evolving photosystem II core complexes were prepared from spinach by solubilizing photosystem II membrane fragments with dodecyl-beta-D-maltoside. The core complexes consist of the intrinsic 47-kDa, 43-kDa, D1 and D2 polypeptides, the two subunits of cytochrome b559 and the extrinsic 33-kDa protein. In the presence of 50 mM CaCl2 they exhibit a high(More)
Structural properties of the isolated extrinsic regulatory 33 kDa protein of the water-oxidizing complex were analyzed at different pH values. It was found that (a) titrations of the buffer capacity reveal a characteristic hysteresis effect that is unique for the 33 kDa subunit and is not observed for the other extrinsic proteins, (b) changes of the(More)
Suitable treatment of thylakoids with hydrazine permits a high population of the redox states S0, S-1, and S-2 in the water oxidase. Experiments performed with dark-adapted samples enriched either in the oxidized or reduced form of the redox-active tyrosine, YD, of polypeptide D2 reveal that YoxD is a unique endogenous oxidant within the PS II complex which(More)
In the present study the light induced formation of superoxide and intrinsic superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in PS II membrane fragments and D1/D2/Cytb559-complexes from spinach have been analyzed by the use of ferricytochrome c (cyt c(III)) reduction and xanthine/xanthine oxidase as assay systems. The following results were obtained: 1.) Photoreduction(More)
The 22-kDa chlorophyll a/b-binding protein (CAB) (psbS gene product) is associated with photosystem II and related to the CAB gene family. Here we report that the PSII-S protein unlike other chlorophyll-binding proteins is stable in the absence of pigments. It is present in etiolated spinach plants and accumulates in the dark progressively with the cellular(More)
Flash-induced absorption changes at 355 nm were measured at different temperatures within the range of 2 degrees C </= theta </= 25 degrees C in dark-adapted PS II core complexes from spinach [O2 evolution rate: 1500 +/- 100 micromol of O2 (mg of Chl)-1 h-1] that were dissolved either in H2O- or in D2O-containing buffer. Comparative measurements were(More)
The rise of fluorescence as an indicator for P680(+)* reduction by YZ and the period-four oscillation of oxygen yield induced by a train of saturating flashes were measured in dark-adapted thylakoids as a function of pH in the absence of exogenous electron acceptors. The results reveal that: (i) the average amplitude of the nanosecond kinetics and the(More)