G. Raymond

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Calcium mishandling in Duchenne dystrophic muscle suggested that dystrophin, a membrane-associated cytoskeleton protein, might regulate calcium signaling cascade such as calcium influx pathway. It was previously shown that abnormal calcium entries involve uncontrolled stretch-activated currents and store-operated Ca2+ currents supported by TRPC1 channels.(More)
The whole-cell patch-clamp technique coupled with intracellular [Ca2+] measurements was used to investigate the sodium-calcium exchange mechanism in rat skeletal muscle cells in primary culture. Replacing external Na+ ions with Li+ or N-methyl-D-glucamine (NMDG+) ions generated outward currents which were correlated with significant increases of free(More)
the changes in the electromyogram patterns of two antagonist muscles were studied when female subjects performed a motor task with and without an auditory rhythm. During the performance of the motor task without the rhythm, the subjects demonstrated a common and consistent personal tempo and a common electromyogram pattern. With the imposed timing of an(More)
The transient outward current was studied, using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, in isolated ventricular cells from the ferret heart. In the presence of 4-aminopyridine and cadmium chloride which respectively blocked the Ca-insensitive and the Ca-dependent outward currents, a residual transient outward current was observed in about 30% of the cells(More)
We present here evidence for the enhancement of an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) mediated calcium signaling pathway in myotubes from dystrophin-deficient cell lines (SolC1(-)) as compared to a cell line from the same origin but transfected with mini-dystrophin (SolD(+)). With confocal microscopy, we demonstrated that calcium rise, induced by the(More)
We present here evidence for the enhancement, at rest, of an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-mediated calcium signaling pathway in myotubes from dystrophin-deficient cell lines (SolC1(-)) as compared to a cell line from the same origin but transfected with mini-dystrophin (SolD(+)). With confocal microscopy, the number of sites discharging calcium(More)
Many studies of in vitro skeletal myogenesis have demonstrated that fusion of myoblasts into multinucleated myotubes is regulated by calcium-dependent processes. Calcium ions appear to be necessary at the outer face of the membrane, and an additional internal calcium increase seems required to promote fusion of aligned myoblasts. It has been proposed that a(More)
Defective expression of dystrophin in muscle cells is the primary feature of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), which is accompanied by fiber necrosis and intracellular calcium mishandling. These features led to the hypothesis that dystrophin could control calcium movements. Calcium mishandling in human DMD myotubes is dependent on contraction and/or(More)
In muscle cells, force development is controlled by Ca2+ ions, which are rapidly released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) during sarcolemmal depolarization. In addition to this synchronized spatially homogeneous calcium signal, localized quantal Ca2+ release events (sparks) have been recorded using laser scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy.(More)
This study aims to investigate the sodium/calcium exchanger expression in human co-cultured skeletal muscle cells and to compare the effects of Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange activity in normal and dystrophic (Duchenne's muscular dystrophy) human co-cultured myotubes. For this purpose, variations of intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](int)) were monitored,(More)