Bone health is affected in patients with prostate cancer, both by the disease and its treatment. Metastases to bone leads to pain, fractures, and spinal cord compression; bone loss due to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) leads to osteoporosis and its complications. Both these scenarios are a major cause of morbidity and adversely affect the quality of… (More)
Tumors of the genitourinary system are one of the most common tumors encountered in clinical practice. The associated morbidity and mortality and the significant proportion of affected middle-age individuals have a major bearing on the death-adjusted life years compared to other malignancies. Genitourinary system tumors encompass a very broad spectrum with… (More)
Radical cystectomy is the standard treatment for muscle invasive bladder cancer. Lymphocele is a common sequalae of pelvic lymphadenectomy. We report an unusual presentation of pelvic lymphocele developing after radical cystectomy reconstructed with an ileal conduit where the patient developed obstruction of the ileal conduit loop due to external pressure… (More)
INTRODUCTION Laparoscopic adrenalectomy has gained favour as a preferred surgical approach in the multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2 patients. Currently, there is limited literature on bilateral simultaneous laparoscopic adrenalectomy in MEN 2 syndrome. We reported two cases of bilateral pheochromocytoma associated with MEN 2 syndrome cured by… (More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has the propensity to metastasize to any organ in the body. Tongue metastases from RCC is very rare with most of them being metachronous in nature. We present a rare case where patient presented with a tongue lesion leading to a diagnosis of RCC. Surgery is the preferred modality of treatment for tongue metastases.
One of the critical problems in putting AI applications into use in the real world is the lack of sufficient formal theories and practical took that aid the process of reliability assessment. Adhoc testing, which is widely used as a means of verification, serves limited purpose. A need for systematic verification by compile-time analysis exists. In this… (More)