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The effect of peptide YY (PYY) on gastric and pancreatico-biliary secretion was studied in humans. Peptide YY was infused into groups of 6 healthy volunteers at doses of 0.59, 0.20, and 0.064 pmol X kg-1 X min-1. The two higher doses caused a significant suppression of gastric acid and pepsin output during background stimulation with pentagastrin. The(More)
It is generally agreed that the adaptive response in the residual bowel after major intestinal resection is dependent on luminal nutrition and pancreaticobiliary secretions. Recent evidence, however, suggests that humoral mechanisms, e.g., gastrin or enteroglucagon, may also play a part in this process. A 75% proximal small bowel exclusion was performed in(More)
Peptide YY (PYY) is a 36 amino acid peptide produced by mucosal endocrine cells of the ileum and colon which inhibits acid secretion and intestinal transit in man. To assess its effects on metabolites and digestive hormones PYY was infused into 18 fasting normal subjects at three dose levels (0.06, 0.19, and 0.57 pmol kg-1 min-1), each for a period of 1 h.(More)
Intraluminal gallbladder pressure, measured by radiotelemetry, and bile output were monitored during infusion of porcine pancreatic polypeptide (PP) at doses of 6, 25, 100, and 400 pmol . kg-1 . h-1 in healthy conscious pigs. Plasma PP concentrations during infusion of the three lower doses, measured by radioimmunoassay, were within the range seen(More)
The possible relationship between enteroglucagon and cellular proliferation in a rat model of intestinal adaptation after suppression and stimulation of enteroglucagon by somatostatin and bombesin has been investigated. Forty eight rats were divided into three groups of 16 animals, each group being further sub-divided into eight animals having intestinal(More)
To determine the effect of gastric surgery on the plasma vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) concentration, 13 patients with gastrectomy and seven controls were given an oral hypertonic load (200 ml 50% glucose solution). Blood was taken at intervals during the test for measurement of VIP and blood glucose concentrations and packed cell volume. At the same(More)
Two groups, each containing 16 male Wistar rats, had either 75 per cent small bowel resection or jejunal transection; 8 animals from each group; had previously been subjected to pancreatico-biliary diversion. All animals were killed 12 days after the operation, plasma enteroglucagon levels were measured and crypt cell production rate (CCPR) at different(More)
Luminal nutrition is known to have a trophic effect on small bowel mucosa after intestinal resection. Humoral agents, however, may also contribute to this process. Two of the proposed humoral agents, enteroglucagon and gastrin, were therefore investigated after intestinal resection and transection in the rat, and changes in their concentration in the plasma(More)
Gut resection triggers off a complex series of adaptive changes in the remaining bowel. There is evidence that these are partly mediated by hormonal factors and enteroglucagons have been proposed as candidates for this role. It is uncertain, however, whether plasma enteroglucagon concentrations rise quickly enough to be involved in the rapid initial(More)