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The adaptive rood pattern search (ARPS) algorithm proposed by Nie and Ma has shown two to three times of search speed-up improvement over that of diamond search (DS) based on the MPEG-4 Verification Model encoding platform. In this paper, first we have shown that the distribution of motion vectors bears a rood shape. An improved ARPS algorithm, called(More)
Aberrant proliferation of nucleus pulposus cell is implicated in the pathogenesis of intervertebral disc degeneration. Recent findings revealed that microRNAs, a class of small noncoding RNAs, could regulate cell proliferation in many pathological conditions. Here, we showed that miR-10b was dramatically upregulated in degenerative nucleus pulposus tissues(More)
Migration and chondrogenesis of human subchondral cortico-spongious progenitor cells (SPCs) are the key steps in the repair of microfracture-induced articular cartilage defects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of human plasma-derived fibronectin (Fn) on the chondrogenic differentiation of SPCs, which was isolated from subchondrol(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that obesity and aberrant proliferation of nucleus pulposus (NP) cells are associated with intervertebral disc degeneration. Leptin, a hormone with increased circulating level in obesity, has been shown to stimulate cell proliferation in a tissue-dependent manner. Nevertheless, the effect of leptin on the proliferation of human(More)
Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. It has been reported that the defect in the NTRK1 gene encoding tropomyosin-related kinase A (TrkA) can cause congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis. Nerve growth factor (NGF), the product of NGFB, mediates biological effects by binding to and activating(More)
BACKGROUND BMI-1 is a member of the polycomb group of genes (PcGs), and it has been implicated in the development and progression of several malignancies, but its role in osteosarcoma remains to be elucidated. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In the present study, we found that BMI-1 was overexpressed in different types of osteosarcomas. Downregulation of(More)
We present a cellular automaton (CA) model for simulating the complex dynamics of stock markets. Within this model, a stock market is represented by a two-dimensional lattice, of which each vertex stands for a trader. According to typical trading behavior in real stock markets, agents of only two types are adopted: fundamentalists and imitators. Our CA(More)
Most cases of congenital spinal deformities were sporadic and without strong evidence of heritability. The etiology of congenital spinal deformities is still elusive and assumed to be multi-factorial. The current study seeks to elucidate the effect of maternal vitamin A deficiency and the production of congenital spinal deformities in the offsping. Thirty(More)
Obesity is an important risk factor for intervertebral disc degeneration and leptin is a biomarker of obesity. However, the expression of leptin receptors has not been determined in disc tissue. It is not known whether leptin has a direct effect on the nucleus pulposus (NP) cells. To determine whether the NP tissues and cells express leptin receptors (OBRa(More)
Various techniques exist to solve the non-convex optimization problem of clustering. Recent developments have employed a deterministic annealing approach to solving this problem. In this letter a new approximation clustering algorithm, incorporating a gradient descent technique with deterministic annealing, is described. Results are presented for this new(More)