G. Perrin

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The present study was designed to investigate the role of the medial preoptic area (MPOA) and the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) in the onset and maintenance of maternal behavior in sheep. In a first experiment, the MPOA or BNST were transiently inactivated during the first 2 h postpartum in primiparous ewes with the use of the anaesthetic(More)
Ewes form a selective olfactory memory for their lambs after 2 h of mother-young interaction following parturition. Once this recognition is established, ewes will subsequently reject any strange lamb approaching the udder (i.e. maternal selectivity). The present study tested the functional contribution of different amygdala nuclei to lamb olfactory memory(More)
—We address the data processing methods needed for imaging with a long baseline optical interferometer. We first describe parametric reconstruction approaches and adopt a general formulation of nonparametric image reconstruction as the solution of a constrained optimization problem. Within this framework, we present two recent reconstruction methods, MIRA(More)
Recent evidence indicates that reactivation of consolidated memories returns them to a protein-synthesis-dependent state called reconsolidation. The hypothesis that memories reconsolidate has never been assessed in social memory. The authors tested whether sheep (Ovis aries) mothers' memory of their lambs undergoes reconsolidation upon reactivation. After 7(More)
Sheep are able to discriminate photographs of conspecific faces. The present study investigates adult ewe's recognition of faces of the same animal between different ages or between different orientations. Twelve adult sheep were first trained to discriminate between faces of two unfamiliar animals, one of which was associated with a food reward. Transfer(More)
Integrated-optic, astronomical, two-beam and three-beam, interferometric combiners have been designed and fabricated for operation in the L band (3 µm – 4 µm) for the first time. The devices have been realized in titanium-indiffused, x-cut lithium niobate substrates, and on-chip electro-optic fringe scanning has been demonstrated. White light fringes were(More)
BACKGROUND LAG-3 (CD223) is a natural high affinity ligand for MHC class II. The soluble form (sLAG-3) induces maturation of monocyte-derived dendritic cells in vitro and is used as a potent Th1-like immune enhancer with many antigens in animal models. To extend this observation to human, a proof of concept study was conducted with a clinical-grade sLAG-3,(More)
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