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This study evaluates the impact of therapeutic vaccination with p24-VLP and zidovudine on the induction or maintenance of HIV-specific cytotoxic lymphocyte activity in a cohort of asymptomatic patients with CD4 counts greater than 400 cells/microl. In a dummy, randomized, phase II clinical trial of the therapeutic vaccine, participants were randomized to(More)
We studied the epidemiology of human parvovirus B19 infection in 308 children with homozygous sickle cell (SS) disease and 239 controls with a normal haemoglobin (AA) genotype followed from birth in a cohort study. Annual serum samples identified the time and frequency of B19 infection, which did not differ between SS and AA children, about 40% of each(More)
The aim of this phase II study was to evaluate the safety, immunogenicity and tolerability of the yeast-derived virus-like particle immunogen, Ty.p24.VLP (p24-VLP), in HIV-antibody-positive asymptomatic volunteers. Fifteen informed and consented volunteers, with p24 Antibody titres >1/100, p24 Antigen <20 pg/l, and CD4>350 x 10(9)/l were enrolled. Five were(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the impact of therapeutic immunization with p24 virus-like particle (VLP) and zidovudine (ZDV) on p24 antibody titre (primary endpoint), CD4+ cell counts, cellular responses to the immunogen and recall antigens, and viral load (secondary endpoints) in subjects with asymptomatic HIV infection and CD4+ counts greater than 400 x 10(6)(More)
Gemifloxacin is a broad-spectrum quinolone antibacterial with enhanced potency against Gram-positive bacteria, including multi-drug resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae, and retained potency against Gram-negative bacilli and bacterial strains resistant to other antibiotics. It has proven particularly effective in respiratory and urinary tract infection. This(More)
In this Phase I study, immunisation with the yeast-derived p24 virus-like particles Ty p24-VLP (3 x 100 or 3 x 500 micrograms subcutaneously) in 16 healthy male subjects elicited p24 antibody responses in 4 of 16 (25%) subjects. After a fourth, intramuscular, immunisation (500 micrograms), p24 antibody responses were detected in 11 of 15 (70%) subjects. In(More)
Cutaneous adverse events are seen with many antimicrobials. A signal was observed with gemifloxacin in the original clinical research program, however subsequent studies and analysis demonstrated a mild-moderate self-limited macular-papular rash seen most frequently when the duration of exposure was beyond 7 days, a non-approved duration. Following(More)
A total of 166 consecutive clinical episodes of pneumonitis in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) or antibody positive for human immune deficiency virus (HIV) were investigated for evidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in their lungs and at peripheral sites to determine the pathogenicity of this virus in the lung and its(More)
The characterization and application of a nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the detection of human parvovirus B19 DNA is described. The assay was evaluated with 149 diagnostic serum samples (collected up to 150 days after the onset of symptoms) previously tested by dot blot hybridization for B19 DNA and by class-specific capture(More)
In a randomized placebo controlled trial 304 HIV infected patients with CD4 cell counts below 350 cells/microL received therapeutic vaccination with: alum placebo (Group I, n = 102), p24-VLP 500 microg (Group II, n = 101) or p24-VLP 1000 microg (Group III, n = 101) p24-VLP monthly for six months. Over one year the average change in CD4 cell count did not(More)