G O Onawunmi

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Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf., commonly known as lemon grass and used, over many years, for medicinal purposes in West Africa, produces a volatile oil on steam extraction of its leaves. The antibacterial properties of the essential oil have been studied. These activities are shown in two of the three main components of the oil identified through(More)
An activity directed fractionation of a 50% aqueous ethanol extract of A. wilkesiana and A. hispida leaves resulted in the isolation of gallic acid, corilagin and geraniin as the compounds responsible for the observed antimicrobial activity. Quercetin 3-O-rutinoside and kaempferol 3-O-rutinoside were also isolated from the inactive fraction of A. hispida.(More)
The antibacterial effect of lemongrass oil, obtained from the aerial part of Cymbopogon citratus, on cells of Escherichia coli was investigated by electron microscopy and by measuring cell wall formation. Two strains of E. coli K-12 were used, one of which required diaminopimelic acid in the growth medium for its murein formation. Lemongrass oil was found(More)
In an open non-comparative study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Acalypha wilkesiana ointment in superficial fungal skin diseases, 32 Nigerian patients with clinical and mycological evidence of superficial mycoses were recruited. Twelve patients defaulted and were lost to follow up, while one patient withdrew because of intolerable excoriation at the(More)
Lemon grass oil (LGO) has been reported to possess appreciable antibacterial activity especially against Grampositive bacteria. The effect of LGO on the antibacterial activity of phenoxyethanol was studied using MIC, growth inhibition, diffusion tests and bactericidal activity studies. Results showed appreciable increase in the activity of phenoxyethanol(More)
BACKGROUND The plant, Chrysophyllum albidum is indigenous to Nigeria and its stem-bark has wide application in traditional medicine for the treatment of infections and oxidative stress related diseases. The aim of the study was to isolate the chemical constituents responsible for the antioxidant and antibacterial activity from the stem-bark of the plant in(More)
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