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Vascular malformations of the jaws can lead to disastrous complications, but there seems to be no consensus as to their treatment. The literature presents the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of these lesions, as well as the divergent views of the authors. Treatment by catheterization and embolization, with direct transosseous injection of(More)
Periodontal disease seems to be more prevalent in smokers than in nonsmokers. Studies have reported both increases and decreases in gingival blood flow due to smoking. Smoking does not increase the presence of the periodontopathogens Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Bacteroides intermedius. Both the chemotaxis and the(More)
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