G. N. Sholomenko

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Short-latency excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) evoked by stimulation in the medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF) were recorded intracellularly from motoneurons in the cat lumbosacral spinal cord. Monosynaptic and disynaptic EPSPs occurred in most flexor and extensor motoneurons studied. These EPSPs resulted from the activation of fast (> 100 m/s)(More)
Membrane-impermeant calcium indicator dyes were used to retrogradely label dorsal root ganglia, spinal motoneurons and interneurons in the spinal cord of the chick embryo. The dyes were also used to label anterogradely primary afferent axons in the spinal cord and synaptic endings in the ciliary ganglion. Labelled neurons were imaged using digital(More)
1. We used an isolated preparation of the embryonic chick brain stem and spinal cord to examine the origin, trajectory, and effects of descending supraspinal pathways on lumbosacral motor activity. The in vitro preparation remained viable for < or 24 h and was sufficiently stable for electrophysiological, pharmacological, and neuroanatomic examination. In(More)
The initiation and control of spinal locomotor mechanisms by supraspinal brainstem centers has been studied in many vertebrate species. However there is very little information regarding brainstem-spinal pathways involved in avian locomotion. To undertake these studies, birds (geese or ducks) were placed in a stereotaxic frame and decerebrated under(More)
Transections of the chicken spinal cord after the developmental onset of myelination at embryonic day (E) 13 results in little or no functional regeneration. However, intraspinal injection of serum complement proteins with complement-binding GalC or 04 antibodies between E9-E12 results in a delay of the onset of myelination until E17. A subsequent(More)
In birds, a variety of subtotal thoracic spinal cord lesions were made to determine the spinal cord pathways essential for avian hind limb locomotion (bipedal walking). The various surgical disruptions included: section of the dorsal half of the cord, a hemisection, section of the dorsal cord and ventromedial funiculi, section of the dorsal cord(More)
Low threshold (≤2×T) cutaneous afferents in the superficial peroneal (SP) and medial plantar (PLNT) nerves both produce short-latency excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) in flexor digitorum longus (FDL) α-motoneurons, with minimum central latencies (≤1.8 ms) that indicate a disynaptic connection. However, SP and PLNT EPSPs in FDL motoneurons are(More)
We have examined the cellular and synaptic mechanisms underlying the genesis of alternating motor activity in the developing spinal cord of the chick embryo. Experiments were performed on the isolated lumbosacral cord maintained in vitro. Intracellular and whole cell patch clamp recordings obtained from sartorius (primarily a hip flexor) and femorotibialis(More)
Functional neural reconnection is not common after spinal cord transection in the CNS of adult higher vertebrates but has been demonstrated in embryonic avian and neonatal mammalian CNS. Chick brainstem spinal cord preparations from nontransected controls and embryos transected at the cervical level on embryonic days (E) 8, 9, or 10 in ovo were assessed in(More)
To elucidate the importance of telencephalic structures and the effects of metabolic rate in the production of locomotor-respiratory coupling, we examined the relationship between locomotor and ventilatory patterns in: (1) intact trained geese, and (2) brainstem-stimulated (medullary reticular formation) decerebrate geese, that were walking on a treadmill.(More)