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We have used the polymerase chain reaction technique to clone the small multiply spliced mRNA species produced after infection of human cells by a molecular clone of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). We identified six Rev-expressing mRNAs, which were generated by the use of two splice acceptors located immediately upstream of the rev AUG. The(More)
rev (trs/art) is an essential human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) regulatory protein. rev increases the levels of the gag- and env-producing mRNAs via a cis-acting element in the env region of HIV-1, named rev-responsive element. Our results show that rev increases the stability of the unspliced viral mRNA, while it does not affect the stability of(More)
The expression of Gag, Pol, Vif, Vpr, Vpu, and Env proteins from unspliced and partially spliced human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) mRNAs depends on the viral protein Rev, while the production of Tat, Rev, and Nef from multiply spliced mRNAs does not require Rev. To investigate the difference between gag and tat mRNAs, we generated plasmids(More)
The expression of gag, pol, and env of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) depends on the presence of the viral Rev protein. This dependence is, at least in part, due to the presence of negatively acting sequences (inhibitory or instability elements [INS]) located within unspliced and partially spliced mRNAs. The positive interaction of Rev with the(More)
We have characterized an inhibitory RNA element in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gag coding sequence that prevents gag expression. The inhibition exerted by this element could be overcome by the presence of the Rev-responsive element in cis and of Rev protein in trans. To understand the mechanism of function, we inactivated the inhibitory(More)
The study of expression of several human immunodeficiency virus type 1 proviral mutants in human cells in the presence or absence of rev (trs/art) protein reveals that rev increases the levels of unspliced and env mRNA and the accumulated structural viral proteins. rev protein produced from appropriate expression vectors fully complements the rev-defective(More)
Three size classes of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) mRNAs are produced in infected cells: full-length, intermediate, and small. Here we report that the intermediate-size class of viral mRNAs is heterogeneous, consisting of at least 12 differentially spliced species. This group contains nine bicistronic mRNAs producing Env and Vpu and three(More)
Mutation of the von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor gene (vhl) causes the von Hippel-Lindau cancer syndrome as well as sporadic renal clear cell carcinoma. To pursue our study of the intracellular localization of VHL protein in relation to its function, we fused VHL to the green fluorescent protein (GFP) to produce the VHL-GFP fusion protein. Like VHL,(More)
The inducibly expressed GTPase (IGTP) is representative of a newly identified group of interferon gamma-inducible GTPases, whose functions are currently unknown. We have begun to address the cellular function of IGTP by examining its subcellular distribution and its guanine nucleotide binding status. Using immunofluorescence, electron microscopy, and(More)
We have studied the intracellular localization of poly(A)-binding protein 1 (PABP1) by indirect immunofluorescence as well as by tagging with the green fluorescent protein (GFP) in living cells. We show that PABP1 is able to enter the nucleus. Accumulation of PABP1 in the nuclei was observed upon transcription inhibition, suggesting that active(More)