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Circadian rhythms in noradrenergic (NE) and dopaminergic (DA) metabolites and in cyclic nucleotide production were measured in discrete regions of rat brain. A circadian rhythm was found in the concentration of the NE metabolite, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), in the hippocampus. No MHPG rhythm was found in frontal, cingulate, parietal, piriform,(More)
A previous finding from our laboratory, that a single dose of ethanol depletes cerebellar cyclic guanosine 3':5'-monophosphate (cGMP), has now been extended to an investigation of the effects of acute and chronic ethanol treatment of cGMP levels in six areas of the rat brain. Rats were either gavaged with a single dose of ethanol (6g/kg) or rendered(More)
Lipoic acid is a lipophilic antioxidant that participates in many enzymatic reactions and is used clinically to treat mushroom poisoning and metal toxicity. In this report the protective effect of lipoic acid (oxidized form) against radiation injury to hematopoietic tissues in mice was assessed by the endogenous and exogenous spleen colony assays and(More)
Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1)-stimulated [3H]3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate ([3H]cAMP) accumulation was studied in a rat brain mince system to determine if stimulation of net [3H]cAMP accumulation could be prevented or reversed by morphine. Incubated minces of whole brain minus cerebellum were prepared from naive, acutely morphine-treated, and(More)
Subcutaneous implantation of demineralized bone matrix into allogeneic rats induces endochondral bone formation. We have investigated the effects of irradiation on the sequelae of the interaction of collagenous matrix and mesenchymal cells and on cartilage and bone differentiation. Rats were irradiated in a vertical direction with a midline dose of 850 rad.(More)
The effect of 60Co gamma radiation on DNA methylation was studied in four cultured cell lines. In all cases a dose-dependent decrease in 5-methylcytosine was observed at 24, 48, and 72 h postexposure to 0.5-10 Gy. Nuclear DNA methyltransferase activity decreased while cytoplasmic activity increased in irradiated (10 Gy) V79A03 cells as compared to controls.(More)