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The behavioral responses of the rat to an extract of Cannabis sativa were examined after IP injection of 5, 15 and 30 mg/kg (expressed as Δ 9 tetrahydrocannabinol). The lowest dose of the extract induced stereotyped behavior (rhythmic head movements, intermittent gnawing and sniffing) together with hypersensitivity to stimuli and hyperthermia. The(More)
Rats exposed to combined cold and restraint exhibited a reduced intensity of gastric damage when pre-treated intraperitoneally with morphine HCl or with the synthetic enkephalin analog [D-Ala2, MePhe4, Met(0)5ol]enkephalin (FK 33-824). Morphine HCl and FK 33-824 prevented some of the indices of the lesion also when injected intracerebroventricularly;(More)
After simultaneous administration of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MAP) 1,000 mg PO and 1,000 mg IM to ten cancer patients, we observed mean plasma MAP profiles that could be exactly superimposed on the two absorption/decay curves obtained after administration of single doses IM or PO. Treatment with MAP given simultaneously by the IM and PO routes may be(More)
In a previous study we ascertained the presence of sigma1 and sigma2 recognition sites in the rabbit iris-ciliary body, an ocular structure involved in aqueous humor production and drainage. We characterized the sigma1 sites using the preferential ligand (+)-pentazocine, which caused a significant reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP). In the present(More)
In this study, we examined agonist-induced internalization, recycling and signalling (measure of cAMP levels) of the cloned human nociceptin receptor (hNOP) expressed in CHO-K1 cells. Internalization was proven by a receptor-binding assay on viable cells. The agonist nociceptin/orphanin FQ (NC) promoted rapid internalization of the hNOP receptor (≈78% of(More)
In this study we employed the neuroblastoma x glioma NG 108-15 cell line as a model for investigating the effects of long-term activation of cannabinoid receptors on delta opioid receptor desensitization, down-regulation and gene expression. Exposure of NG 108-15 cells to (-)-delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) reduced opioid receptor binding,(More)
In a previous study we ascertained the presence of 1 and 2 recognition sites in the rabbit iris-ciliary body, an ocular structure involved in aqueous humor production and drainage. We characterized the 1 sites using the preferential ligand ( )pentazocine, which caused a significant reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP). In the present study, flunarizine,(More)
This study with the rat evaluated the contribution of omega-conotoxin GVIA-(omega-CgTx) and verapamil-sensitive Ca2+ channels in behavioural, antinociceptive and thermoregulatory responses to intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of [D-Ala2,NMePhe4,Gly-ol5]enkephalin (DAMGO), [D-Pen2,D-Pen5]enkephalin (DPDPE) and dynorphin A-(1-17), which are selective(More)
An extract of cannabis (5 and 15 mg/kg expressed as Δ9-THC) orally administered to rats caused an elevation of the nociceptive threshold (tail-flick latency and vocalization tests). Naloxone and naltrexone (blockers of μ-type opiate receptors) as well as MR 1452 (blocker of κ opiate receptors) did not prevent the antinociceptive effect of cannabis when used(More)
We previously described a novel endomorphin-1 analogue (Tyr-L-beta-Pro-Trp-Phe-NH(2); Endo1-beta-Pro) more resistant to enzymatic hydrolysis than endomorphin-1 that acts as a mu-opioid receptor agonist. In this study we report that Endo1-beta-Pro, s.c. injected in the mouse, is an effective antinociceptive agent in the tail flick (ED(50)=9.2 mg/kg) and(More)