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A significant increase in the dose intensity of chemotherapy with fluoropyrimidines and platinum complexes has resulted from selective circadian timing and/or circadian modulation of the infusion rate. The relevance of such chronopharmacologic strategy for improving the outcome of metastatic colorectal cancer was evaluated in an extended Phase II clinical(More)
Oxaliplatin is the first clinically available diaminocyclohexane platinum coordination complex. The drug is non-cross-resistant with cisplatin or carboplatin and is one of the few active drugs against human colorectal cancer. Its cytotoxicity is synergistic with fluorouracil and folinic acid (leucovorin), the reference treatment for this disease. The main(More)
The relationship between the rhythm in reduced glutathione (GSH) and that in cisplatin (CDDP) toxicity was investigated in a total of 560 male B6D2F1 mice, using buthionine sulfoximine (BSO). GSH was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in four tissues, at each of six sampling times, 4 hr apart. A significant 24-hr rhythm was(More)
In a constant environment, circadian rhythms persist with slightly altered period lengths. Results of studies with continuous light exposure are less clear, because of short exposure durations and single-variable monitoring. This study sought to characterize properties of the oscillator(s) controlling the rat's circadian system by monitoring both body(More)
BACKGROUND Oxaliplatin (L-OHP) is a platinum complex that possesses activity against human and murine cells in vitro and in vivo, including colorectal carcinoma-derived cell lines, and cells that have been selected for resistance to cisplatin. We report two consecutive phase II trials of L-OHP for treatment of patients with advanced colorectal carcinoma. (More)
We report the results of an expanded trial of 5-fluorouracil (FUra) combined with high-dose folinic acid for treatment of patients with advanced colorectal or gastric adenocarcinoma. In each treatment course, the patients received both FUra (340-400 mg/m2/day by iv infusion over 15 minutes) and folinic acid (200 mg/m2/day by iv bolus) for 5 consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND Potentiation of the antitumor activity of fluorouracil (5-FU) by folinic acid has been demonstrated in patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma. Modulation is due to the interaction of thymidylate synthase, fluorodeoxyuridine monophosphate, and methylene tetrahydrofolate, which leads to the formation of a stable ternary complex with concomitant(More)
Pharmacokinetics of total platinum, 5-fluorouracil, l-folinic and d-folinic acid, and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate were studied in plasma from nine patients with advanced colorectal cancer treated with oxaliplatin (20 mg/m2/day), 5-fluorouracil (600 mg/m2/day), and folinic acid (300 mg/m2/day). Drugs were administered with a programmable-in-time pump by(More)
Circadian rhythms in circulating leukocyte and lymphocyte counts persisted with halved amplitudes in constant light (LL) of 300 lx intensity for 8 wk, whereas circadian rhythms in body temperature, locomotor activity, and plasma catecholamines were completely suppressed. Subsequent exposure to constant darkness (DD) normalized all circadian rhythms within 2(More)
Toxic effects of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and oxaliplatin (L-OHP), two active drugs against metastatic colorectal cancer, varied by 50% or more according to circadian dosing time in mice or rats. Adaptation of chemotherapy delivery to circadian rhythms (chronotherapy) was assessed in fully ambulatory outpatients, using multichannel programmable pumps. These(More)