G. Mesfin

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PURPOSE To compare the venous irritation, pharmacokinetics, and tissue distribution of tirilazad in rats after intravenous administration of a submicron lipid emulsion with that of an aqueous solution. METHODS Venous irritation was determined by microscopic evaluation of injury to the lateral tail veins of rats. Pharmacokinetic parameters were determined(More)
Groups of 5 male beagle dogs were treated orally with hydralazine tablets in gelatin capsules at a dose of 12 or 24 mg/kg twice a day (6 hours apart) for 2 consecutive days. Five male dogs treated with empty gelatin capsules served as untreated controls. Clinical findings and heart rate changes during treatment and terminal body weight, hematology, and(More)
Groups of Swiss white mice weighing 25-28 grams were infected orally with 500, 2,000, 5,000 or 20,000 oocysts of Eimeria falciformis var pragensis. Depression, anorexia, weight loss, diarrhea or dysentery, and dehydration were most pronounced at eight to ten days postinfection. The highest mortality, 31%, occurred in mice infected with 20,000 oocysts. None(More)
Minoxidil and other potent vasodilators cause coronary arterial injury, right atrial hemorrhagic lesions, and subendocardial necrosis in dogs. This paper discusses the pathogenesis of coronary arterial and right atrial lesions associated with minoxidil in the dog. Acute coronary vascular injury characterized by segmental medial hemorrhage and necrosis and(More)
Minoxidil (MNX), like several other vasoactive drugs, causes cardiovascular toxicity in dogs by undetermined mechanisms. We studied the mechanism of cardiovascular toxicity of MNX [an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium channel opener] by blocking its pharmacologic effects with glyburide (an ATP-sensitive potassium channel blocker) in groups of(More)
Twenty Romney Marsh ewes, some 5 to 40 days pregnant, were inoculated with a strain of Brucella ovis onto the scarified mucous membrane of the vagina. Establish of infection was ascertained by recovery of the organisms from blood; supramammary and inguinal lymph nodes; the vagina, after initial disappearance of the organism from this organ; and the(More)
Pseudorabies virus (PRV) was not transmitted horizontally from 3 PRV-infected calves to 2 contact control calves during 4 days of comingling in experiment 1. Although these contact control calves developed clinical signs of pseudorabies when infected intranasally with PRV in experiment 2, they did not transmit PRV to a second pair of contact control calves.(More)
A latent pseudorabies virus infection was established in pigs despite vaccination with a modified-live pseudorabies virus vaccine. Although the vaccinated pigs developed high concentrations of antibody, virus was recovered from the tonsils and lungs of pigs treated with dexamethasone three months after inoculation with virulent virus. These results may(More)