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Fragile-X syndrome (FXS) is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability. Although FXS has been identified in all the main ethnic groups, little is known about its prevalence with respect to ethnicity. Since the identification of the FXS primary defect, diagnosis involving DNA analysis has been made possible, allowing efficient screening(More)
We have studied haplotype of beta(S) chromosome and alpha-globin gene status in 534 patients (255 adults and 279 children of whom 159 neonates) from Guadeloupe with various sickle cell-related conditions, namely SS (n = 298), SC (n = 170), S-beta-thal (n = 56), and other rare forms (n = 10). Haplotype data on beta(S) chromosomes confirm our previous(More)
This prospective study examined the prevalence, clinical features, and risk factors of osteonecrosis of the femoral head among adult sickle cell disease patients in Guadeloupe. Screening of osteonecrosis of the femoral head was performed using radiography, bone scintigraphy, and tomodensitometry. One hundred thirteen adults with sickle cell disease (67 SS(More)
The beta gene cluster haplotypes, alpha gene status, Hb F level and hematological parameters have been characterized in 154 unrelated Guadeloupe patients with sickle cell disease: 112 with sickle cell anemia, 26 with SC disease, 15 with Hb S-beta-thalassemia, and one patient with Hb S in association with the hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin.(More)
We have found a sickling variant, Hb S Antilles, alpha 2 beta 2(6 Glu----Val, 23 Val----Ile), that has the same electrophoretic mobility as Hb S but a distinct isoelectric focus and produces sickling in the carriers of the Hb A/S Antilles trait. The carriers' erythrocytes tend to sickle at O2 partial pressures similar to those that induce sickling in Hb S/C(More)
Pathological changes often occur in the placenta of women with sickle cell disease (SCD). These alterations are caused by sickling of erythrocytes and vasoocclusion in the placental circulation, leading to regional hypoxia. However, the morphological status of the umbilical cord, which is in close physical association with the placenta, is not documented(More)
Issues of public health raised by sickle cell disease and available solutions vary greatly between countries. Two main variables lead the choices: the affordable health resources, and the distribution of the abnormal genes in the population. Three examples have been chosen to illustrate these challenges. 1. In continental France, the level of health(More)