Learn More
Antibodies to cholinergic receptor structures were found in 75% of 76 Finnish and 93% of 175 Swedish patients with myasthenia gravis. The amount of antibodies showed a positive correlation to the severity of the disease, and was reduced during immunosuppressive treatment, and by thymectomy. Thymoma patients had high values. The antibody was also found in(More)
A regional database of myasthenia gravis (MG) patients was used to estimate the prevalence and selected characteristics of the disease in the county of Stockholm, Sweden. The prevalence of MG was 14.1/100,000 (17.1 for women and 10.8 for men). The mean age at onset for women and men was 34.9 and 48.5 years, respectively. About 60% of patients were diagnosed(More)
BACKGROUND Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder of neuromuscular transmission. The majority of patients show abnormal thymic histology. SETTING The study was performed at the Myasthenia Gravis Centre, Karolinska University Hospital, and at the Immunological Research Laboratory, Centre for Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm,(More)
Evaluation of knowledge-based systems differs from that of conventional systems in terms of verification and validation techniques. Furthermore, evaluating medical decision-support systems is difficult because the field is thus far comparatively unexplored. This paper presents an evaluation of a medical knowledge-based system called VentEx that supports(More)
We have investigated theHLA-DRB and -DQB gene polymorphism in 131 myasthenia gravis (MG) patients. TheHLA genotypes in these patients were assigned by means of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-definedDR-DQ haplotypes, correlating to serologic HLA class II typing. Using this technique we could, among randomly selected non-thymomatous (NT)-MG(More)
The mechanism behind the association between MHC genes and myasthenia gravis (MG) is not fully understood. In the present study we studied the associations with polymorphisms at HLA-DR3, HLA-B8 and TNF-alpha genes in Swedish patients and healthy individuals. The TNF-alpha-308 allele 2 was associated with female patients having disease onset before the age(More)
We examined the bi-allelic polymorphism at - 174 in the promoter region and the polymorphism in the 3' flanking AT rich region of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene in Swedish patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and ethnically matched healthy individuals. There was no association between the polymorphisms and the disease. There was no relation of the(More)
Twenty cases of failing transcervical thymectomy are reported. They were selected for transsternal re-exploration from a series of 95 patients who had previously undergone transcervical thymectomy because of myasthenia gravis (MG). A specific method for pre-operative detection of remnants of the non-tumorous thymic gland is lacking, but the applied clinical(More)