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BACKGROUND Renewable energy production is currently a major issue worldwide. Biogas is a promising renewable energy carrier as the technology of its production combines the elimination of organic waste with the formation of a versatile energy carrier, methane. In consequence of the complexity of the microbial communities and metabolic pathways involved the(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are ribosomally synthesized natural antibiotics that are crucial effectors of innate immune systems in all living organisms. AMPs are diverse peptides, differing in their amino acid composition and structure, that generally display rapid killing and broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities. Therefore, AMPs have high potential(More)
A microalgal biomass offers a potential alternative to the maize silage commonly used in biogas technology. In this study, photoautotrophically grown Scenedesmus obliquus was used as biogas substrate. This microalga has a low C/N ratio of 8.5 relative to the optimum 20-30. A significant increase in the ammonium ion content was not observed. The methane(More)
Legume plants host nitrogen-fixing endosymbiotic Rhizobium bacteria in root nodules. In Medicago truncatula, the bacteria undergo an irreversible (terminal) differentiation mediated by hitherto unidentified plant factors. We demonstrated that these factors are nodule-specific cysteine-rich (NCR) peptides that are targeted to the bacteria and enter the(More)
A set of modular broad-host-range expression vectors with various affinity tags (six-His-tag, FLAG-tag, Strep-tag II, T7-tag) was created. The complete nucleotide sequences of the vectors are known, and these small vectors can be mobilized by conjugation. They are useful in the purification of proteins and protein complexes from gram-negative bacterial(More)
Structural genes coding for two membrane-associated NiFe hydrogenases in the phototrophic purple sulfur bacterium Thiocapsa roseopersicina (hupSL and hynSL) have recently been isolated and characterized. Deletion of both hydrogenase structural genes did not eliminate hydrogenase activity in the cells, and considerable hydrogenase activity was detected in(More)
The purple sulfur photosynthetic bacterium Thiocapsa roseopersicina BBS contains a heat-stable membrane-associated hydrogenase encoded by the hyn operon. Expression from the hyn operon regulatory region is up-regulated under anaerobic conditions. cis elements were mapped between positions -602 and -514 upstream from the hynS gene. Within this region two(More)
The expression of many membrane bound [NiFe] hydrogenases is regulated by their substrate molecule, hydrogen. The HupSL hydrogenase, encoded in the hupSLCDHIR operon, probably plays a role in hydrogen recycling in the phototrophic purple bacterium, Thiocapsa roseopersicina BBS. RpoN, coding for sigma factor 54, was shown to be important for expression,(More)
The purple sulphur phototrophic bacterium, Thiocapsa roseopersicina BBS, contains several NiFe hydrogenases. One of these enzymes (HynSL) is membrane associated, remarkably stable and can be used for practical applications. HupSL is also located in the photosynthetic membrane, its properties are similar to other known Hup-type NiFe hydrogenases. A third(More)
The symbiosis between rhizobia soil bacteria and legumes is facultative and initiated by nitrogen starvation of the host plant. Exchange of signal molecules between the partners leads to the formation of root nodules where bacteria are converted to nitrogen-fixing bacteroids. In this mutualistic symbiosis, the bacteria provide nitrogen sources for plant(More)