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The existence of a minimal observable length has long been suggested in quantum gravity as well as in string theory. In this context a generalized uncertainty relation has been derived which quantum theoretically describes the minimal length as a minimal uncertainty in position measurements. Here we study in full detail the quantum mechanical structure(More)
We elaborate on the role of quantum statistics in twisted Poincaré invariant theories. It is shown that, in order to have twisted Poincaré group as the symmetry of a quantum theory, statistics must be twisted. It is also confirmed that the removal of UV-IR mixing (in the absence of gauge fields) in such theories is a natural consequence.
In this paper we study the structure of the Hilbert space for the recent noncommutative geometry models of gauge theories. We point out the presence of unphysical degrees of freedom similar to the ones appearing in lattice gauge theories (fermion doubling). We investigate the possibility of projecting out these states at the various levels in the(More)
We investigate the possible effects on the evolution of perturbations in the inflationary epoch due to short distance physics. We introduce a suitable non local action for the inflaton field, suggested by Noncommutative Geometry, and obtained by adopting a generalized star product on a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker background. In particular, we study how the(More)
In the early universe, neutrinos are slightly coupled when electron-positron pairs annihilate transferring their entropy to photons. This process originates non-thermal distortions on the neutrino spectra which depend on neutrino flavour, larger for ν e than for ν µ or ν τ. We study the effect of three-neutrino flavour oscillations on the process of(More)
We present an up-to-date review of Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN). We discuss the main improvements which have been achieved in the past two decades on the overall theoretical framework, summarize the impact of new experimental results on nuclear reaction rates, and critically reexamine the astrophysical determinations of light nuclei abundances. We report(More)
We discuss the present bounds on the relativistic energy density in the Universe parameterized in terms of the effective number of neutrinos N eff ν using the most recent cosmological data on Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) temperature anisotropies and polarization, Large Scale galaxy clustering from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and 2dF, luminosity(More)
We have constructed and operated the ICARUS T600 liquid argon (LAr) time projection chamber (TPC). The ICARUS T600 detector is the largest LAr TPC ever built, with a size of about 500 tons of fully imaging mass. The design and assembly of the detector relied on industrial support and represents the applications of concepts matured in laboratory tests to the(More)
The Connes and Lott reformulation of the strong and electroweak model represents a promising application of noncommutative geometry. In this scheme the Higgs field naturally appears in the theory as a particular gauge boson, connected to the discrete internal space, and its quartic potential, fixed by the model, is not vanishing only when more than one(More)