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A seroepidemiological study of the prevalence of antibodies against the repeating epitopes of circumsporozoite (CS) proteins of human malaria parasites was conducted in 2 different areas in the state of Acre, Brazil in 1987 and 1990. In 1987 antibodies against the CS protein of the VK 247 variant Plasmodium vivax as well as antibodies against the CS(More)
A cohort of 148 Cameroonian children infected with Schistosoma haematobium was followed before praziquantel therapy and 1, 2, 3, 5, and 12 months thereafter. Egg output, the reagent strip index (RSI, a pathological marker), and circulating anodic antigen (CAA) and circulating cathodic antigen (CCA) in serum and urine were quantified. At enrollment, the(More)
In Acre, the westernmost state of Brazil in the Amazon region, the sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine, amodiaquine, mefloquine, quinine and sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine was determined in vitro by the Rieckmann microtechnique. The study was performed between January and June 1987; the in vitro parasite responses to all antimalarial drugs were(More)
Numerical alterations of circulating lymphocytes were investigated in 37 Brazilian patients with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria and in a group of 15 healthy controls. The number of CD4+ T helper/inducer cells was significantly lower in patients than controls, whereas absolute numbers of CD8+ suppressor/cytotoxic T cells did not differ between(More)
The kinetics of indicators of lymphocyte activation were determined in non- and semiimmune patients with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum infection and in control subjects in Acre, Brazil. Delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) to seven recall antigens was weakest in nonimmune patients. Both patient groups differed significantly from controls on admission(More)
After 4 hours of stimulation of human mononuclear leukocytes in the presence of 300 ng/ml exogenous Plasmodium falciparum antigens, the ICAM-1 expression increased variably from 15% to 375%. Simultaneously, an increase of IL-1 mRNA production could be observed in Northern blot hybridizations with a specific cDNA gene probe for human IL-1 alpha labelled with(More)
In patients with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum infection cytokine-mediated serum protein levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), coeruloplasmin (COE), beta 2-microglobulin (B2M), alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (AAG), alpha 1-antitrypsin (AAT), haptoglobin (HPT), prealbumin (PRE), retinol binding protein (RBP), albumin (ALB) and transferrin (TRF) were measured(More)