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The use of Streptococcus diacetylactis as a flavor producer in dairy fermentations is dependent upon its ability to produce diacetyl from citrate. Treatment of S. diacetylactis strains 18-16 and DRC1 with acridine orange resulted in the conversion of approximately 2% of the DRC1 population and 20% of the 18-16 population to citrate negative, which is(More)
A modified medium which distinguished between citrate-fermenting and non-citrate-fermenting species of lactic streptococci within 48 h was developed. In addition, the occurrence of citrate-negative variants in citrate-positive populations of Streptococcus lactis subsp. diacetylactis could be detected.
It has been previously observed that loss of plasmid pGK4101 occurred concomitantly with loss of lactose-fermenting ability in Streptococcus lactis subsp. diacetylactis 18-16. Transfer of this 41-megadalton plasmid to LM0230, a lactosenegative (Lac) strain of S. lactis, required cell-to-cell contact and resulted in a conversion of LM0230 to the Lac(More)
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