G. M. Gurman

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INTRODUCTION Intensive care is generally regarded as expensive, and as a result beds are limited. This has raised serious questions about rationing when there are insufficient beds for all those referred. However, the evidence for the cost effectiveness of intensive care is weak and the work that does exist usually assumes that those who are not admitted do(More)
The daily use of muscle relaxants and the lack of correlation between the hemodynamic behavior and stages of general anesthesia represent the main obstacles in defining the level of cortical activity depression by the anesthetic drugs. Since classical EEG is cumbersome in the operating room, and demands special knowledge, computerized methods of EEG wave(More)
One-lung intubation (OLI) is among the most common complications of endotracheal intubation. None of the monitoring tools now available has proved effective for its early detection. In this study we investigated the efficacy of acoustic analysis for the detection of OLI. We collected lung sounds from 11 patients undergoing thoracic surgery requiring the(More)
Surgical stress activates the amygdala and secretion of norepinephrine, both involved in memory and unconscious processing of emotionally negative information. This study examined surgically induced facilitation of implicit learning of emotionally negative information. Thirty patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia were(More)
INTRODUCTION Monitoring methods for the early diagnosis of one-lung intubation (OLI) are nonspecific and controversial. In this study, we evaluated a new acoustic monitoring system for the detection of OLI. METHODS Lung sounds were collected from 24 adult surgical patients scheduled for routine surgical procedures. Four piezoelectric microphones attached(More)
We designed the present study to determine whether the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) for isoflurane is decreased after closed head trauma (CHT) in rats and, if so, whether the decrease of MAC is related to the severity of neurological impairment following CHT. Isoflurane MAC was determined in 36 Sprague-Dawley rats. Then, at time = 0 h, animals were(More)
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