G. M. C. Vaughan

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Pineal N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity and radioimmunoassayable levels of melatonin were compared in 2-month-old (young), 12-month-old (middle-aged), and 29-month-old (old) female rats killed at 1600 h (during the light) and at 2300 h (4 h after darkness onset) and 0100 h (6 h after darkness onset). During the light period, NAT levels were equivalent in(More)
BACKGROUND Neither chemotherapy with a single-alkylating agent nor aggressive combination chemotherapy cures advanced stage low-grade non-Hodgkin lymphomas, even when combined with radiotherapy. Our aim was to compare administration of immediate chlorambucil treatment with a policy of delaying chlorambucil until clinical progression necessitated its use, in(More)
A single injection of 25 micrograms melatonin was given subcutaneously in 0.1 ml saline either at 3 h into the light phase (morning) in female Syrian hamsters or at 1 h before the beginning of the dark phase (evening) in males (L/D 14/10 h). In both cases, the maximal mean serum values seen at 20 min after injection (50 ng/ml) were more than 1,000 times the(More)
Seven experiments were performed to investigate the sensitivity of the hamster pineal gland to exogenously administered norepinephrine (NE). In these studies NE (1 mg/kg) administration was preceded (10 min earlier) by the injection of the catecholamine uptake inhibitor desmethylimipramine (DMI; 5 mg/kg). When DMI and NE were given at night, the hamsters(More)
Specific binding of [125I]iodo-[beta-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-ethylaminomethyl]tetralone ([ 125I]HEAT) was used to assess alpha 1-adrenergic receptors on pineal gland membranes of male Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) housed under a 14:10 h light-dark cycle (lights on at 06.00 h). Saturation experiments with pooled pineal membrane preparations showed the(More)
Adult female hamsters were injected each afternoon for 9 weeks with 2.5, 15 or 25 micrograms of melatonin or 6-chloromelatonin (CM). Each drug resulted in a significant dose-related depression in uterine, ovarian and anterior pituitary gland weights. Additionally, plasma and pituitary concentrations of prolactin fell with increasing dose of either indole(More)
Recently, it was shown that a 1.5-ml subcutaneous saline injection depressed N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity and melatonin content in the rat pineal gland at night. The present studies were undertaken to determine if another perturbation, swimming, could duplicate this response. Rats swam at 23.10 h (lights out at 20.00 h) for 10 min and were killed 15(More)
The human melatonin rhythm is endogenous with a surge of secretion entrained to the dark part of the cycle. Reports show consistent blunting or blockade of this nocturnal surge in the presence of sympathetic neurologic lesions and after administration of beta-adrenergic antagonists. However, there is remarkable resistance to elevation of daytime melatonin(More)