G Levy Hara

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The prevalence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) has increased during the past 10 years. Its detection is frequently difficult, because they do not always show a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value for carbapenems in the resistance range. Both broth microdilution and agar dilution methods are more sensitive than disk diffusion(More)
OBJECTIVES To report the extent and components of global efforts in antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) in hospitals. METHODS An Internet-based survey comprising 43 questions was disseminated worldwide in 2012. RESULTS Responses were received from 660 hospitals in 67 countries: Africa, 44; Asia, 50; Europe, 361; North America, 72; Oceania, 30; and South and(More)
  • G Levy Hara
  • Journal of global antimicrobial resistance
  • 2014
Selection of resistant pathogens by antimicrobial use is probably the most important cause of antimicrobial resistance. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) refers to a multifaceted approach to optimise prescribing. The benefits of AMS programmes have been widely demonstrated in terms of reductions in antimicrobial use, mortality, Clostridium difficile and other(More)
The Antibiotic Stewardship and Resistance Working Groups of the International Society for Chemotherapy propose ten key points for the appropriate use of antibiotics in hospital settings. (i) Get appropriate microbiological samples before antibiotic administration and carefully interpret the results: in the absence of clinical signs of infection,(More)
Upper respiratory tract infections are the most common source of antibiotic prescriptions. Acute pharyngitis is caused mainly by viruses, viral cases can be distinguished from acute streptococcal pharyngitis using Centor clinical epidemiological criteria, by rapid antigen tests or throat culture. Treatment of choice for streptococcal infection is penicillin(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is a quickly worsening problem worldwide, also in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Appropriate antibiotic use in humans and animals, i.e. antibiotic stewardship (ABS), is one of the cornerstones of the World Health Organization's global action plan for ABR. Many LMICs are in the process of developing(More)
The Argentine Society for Infectious Diseases and other national societies issued updated practical guidelines for the management of acute bronchitis (AB) and reactivations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with the aim of promoting rational use of diagnostic and therapeutic resources. AB is a condition characterized by inflammation of the(More)
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