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Elevated in vivo markers of presynaptic striatal dopamine activity have been a consistent finding in schizophrenia, and include a large effect size elevation in dopamine synthesis capacity. However, it is not known if the dopaminergic dysfunction is limited to the striatal terminals of dopamine neurons, or is also evident in the dopamine neuron cell bodies,(More)
The knee joint blood supply is derived from a rich anastomosis of the five major constant arteries, namely, the superior medial and lateral, the middle (posterior), and the inferior medial and lateral genicular arteries. Anastomosis also occurs with descending genicular arteries and the anterior tibial recurrent artery. These branches form anastomoses in(More)
Twenty-three fresh, cadaver knees were studied to evaluate details of the vascular and nerve supply of the menisci in humans. Vascularity was investigated using dye and latex injections, and the nerve supply was studied microscopically using a variety of special stains. Vessels arise mainly from medial and lateral inferior and middle geniculate arteries.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Calcium can potentially shorten T1, generating high signal intensity in GREs. Because IPH appears as high signal intensity in MRIPH and the surface effects of calcium can potentially shorten T1 of surrounding water protons, the purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the high signal intensity seen on MRIPH could be attributed(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Determining the diagnostic accuracy of different MR sequences is essential to design MR imaging protocols. The purpose of the study was to compare 3T sagittal FSE T2, STIR, and T1-weighted phase-sensitive inversion recovery in the detection of spinal cord lesions in patients with suspected or definite MS. MATERIALS AND METHODS We(More)
The circulatory and vascular changes in the hip following Salter-type innominate osteotomy were studied in 35 dogs to determine the effects of innominate osteotomy on the blood supply of the hip joint. Microangiography, bone scanning, and isotope clearance were employed four months after the innominate osteotomy. Microangiography showed increased(More)
Distal iliopsoas muscle pedicle bone graft was investigated in dogs to determine whether a collateral blood supply to the femoral head can develop after displaced femoral neck fractures and dislocation of the hip joint. Microangiography performed in cadavers showed good vascularity of the muscle pedicle graft and similar studies in dogs showed that when(More)
This investigation was done to study the effects of high femoral osteotomy upon the vascularity and blood supply of the hip and to further our knowledge of its physiologic basis. We have used established methods of study, including bone scans, microangiography, isotope clearance and perosseous venography, and based upon the results of these studies, we have(More)
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