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Human sera from Lodwar (77 sera), Nzoia (841 sera), Masinga (251 sera), Laisamis (174 sera) and the Malindi/Kilifi area (556 sera) in Kenya were tested by indirect immunofluorescence for antibodies against Marburg, Ebola (Zaire and Sudan strains), Congo haemorrhagic fever, Rift Valley fever and Lassa viruses. Antibodies against Ebola virus, particularly the… (More)
During disease surveillance in Kenya, a series of deaths were investigated among a group of nomadic Gabra in Marsabit. The cause was identified as botulism (Clostridium botulinum Type A), contracted from sour milk prepared traditionally in a gourd. Reported outbreaks of botulism in Africa would appear to be extremely rare.
Previous studies having shown an appreciable level of yellow fever immunity to exist in northern Kenya, further epidemiological and serological surveys were carried out there in 1968 in an attempt to define more clearly the distribution of yellow fever and to locate possible vector and reservoir hosts of the disease; these surveys also provided information… (More)
Recent epidemics of yellow fever in eastern Africa have stimulated serological surveys in the Karamoja district of Uganda, the northern frontier district of Kenya and the Giohar district of Somalia. All sera collected in the surveys were screened for group B arbovirus antibody using the HI test. Yellow fever immunity was confirmed by the mouse-protection… (More)
Two methods, the modulated scene method and modulated beam method, are proposed in this paper to manage the fringe in a T-shaped correlating millimeter-wave imaging system. The modulated scene method incorporates the fringe into the scene to form a fringe-modulated scene. The pencil beam that corresponds to the beam of the system with a zero baseline scans… (More)