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Glutamate is the most widespread excitatory transmitter in the CNS and is probably involved in LTP, a neural phenomenon which may be associated with learning and memory formation. Intracerebral injection of large amounts of glutamate between 5 min and 2.5 min after passive avoidance learning in young chicks inhibits short-term memory, which occurs between 0(More)
The concentration of K+ [( K+]) was measured in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and in the extracellular fluid [( K+]e) in the medial forebrain of two-day-old chicks by means of K(+)-sensitive microelectrodes (K-ISM). The K-ISM potential in the CSF was compared with that in artificial CSF with 3, 4 or 6 mmol/l of [K+]. The [K+] found in CSF was 3.79 +/- 0.57(More)
We have used the method of Austin, Lowry, Brown and Carter, to measure the steady-state metabolic half-life of tubulin (alpha and beta individually) and actin (beta and gamma together) in the total cytosolic (S3), microsomal (P3), synaptic plasma membrane (SPM) and synaptic junction (SJ) subcellular fractions from 6-day-old and adult chicken forebrain. In(More)
Changes in the activity of the enzyme protein kinase C (PKC) have been implicated in learning and memory consolidation, and in the induction of long-term potentiation. The precise role of PKC in memory processing is still unknown. Using 1-day-old chicks trained on a single-trial passive avoidance task, we demonstrate that inhibition of PKC activity by(More)