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Two mouse lines transgenic with the human poliovirus receptor gene (PVR), TGM-PRG-1 and TGM-PRG-3, were characterized to determine whether transgene copy number and PVR expression levels influence susceptibility to poliovirus. The mouse lines have been bred for more than 10 generations and the transgene was stably transmitted to progeny as determined by(More)
We have evaluated DNA damage (DNA adduct formation) after feeding benzo[a]pyrene (BP) to wild-type (WT) and cancer-susceptible Xpa(-/-)p53(+/-) mice deficient in nucleotide excision repair and haploinsufficient for the tumor suppressor p53. DNA damage was evaluated by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry(More)
A mitochondrial gene (denoted aap1) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been characterized by nucleotide sequence analysis of a region of mtDNA between the oxi3 and oli2 genes. The reading frame of the aap1 gene specifies a hydrophobic polypeptide containing 48 amino acids. The functional nature of this reading frame was established by sequence analysis of a(More)
The biological significance of the existence of multiple interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) subtypes is unknown but may represent a finely tuned mechanism whereby different subtypes are produced in response to different stimuli. To investigate the expression of individual IFN-alpha subtypes, polyclonal antipeptide antisera designed to react with all IFN-alpha(More)
In the presence of effectors variations in the two recognized activities of the plasma membrane NADH-oxidoreductase system were studied in separate, specific in vitro assays. We report here that ubiquinone analogues that contain a short, less hydrophobic side chain than coenzyme Q-10 dramatically stimulate the NADH-oxidase activity of isolated rat liver(More)
Localised interferon-alpha production was investigated in hepatitis C patients entered into a trial of interferon-alpha-2a therapy. Antibodies capable of reacting specifically with interferon-alpha-2, interferon-alpha-4 or with all interferon-alpha subtypes were used as immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence probes to study interferon-alpha production(More)
We report the first detailed study on the ubiquinone (coenzyme Q; abbreviated to Q) analogue specificity of mitochondrial complex I, NADH:Q reductase, in intact submitochondrial particles. The enzymic function of complex I has been investigated using a series of analogues of Q as electron acceptor substrates for both electron transport activity and the(More)
Naturally-occurring autoantibodies to a family of mitochondrial enzymes, the 2-oxoacid dehydrogenase complexes (2-OADC), characterize the human liver disease primary biliary cirrhosis. The immunodominant epitope for these autoantibodies is associated with the lipoyl-binding domain of the E2 subunit of the enzymes. The reactivity of these disease-associated(More)
The purpose of this study was to produce antibodies which could be used to investigate the expression of murine (Mu)IFN-alpha. Rabbits were immunized with a peptide, corresponding to the 15 COOH-terminal amino acids of MuIFN-alpha-1, conjugated to keyhole limpet haemocyanin (KLH), and the resulting antipeptide antibodies were identified by indirect ELISA.(More)