G. L. McMullen

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Two mouse lines transgenic with the human poliovirus receptor gene (PVR), TGM-PRG-1 and TGM-PRG-3, were characterized to determine whether transgene copy number and PVR expression levels influence susceptibility to poliovirus. The mouse lines have been bred for more than 10 generations and the transgene was stably transmitted to progeny as determined by(More)
In the presence of effectors variations in the two recognized activities of the plasma membrane NADH-oxidoreductase system were studied in separate, specific in vitro assays. We report here that ubiquinone analogues that contain a short, less hydrophobic side chain than coenzyme Q-10 dramatically stimulate the NADH-oxidase activity of isolated rat liver(More)
We have evaluated DNA damage (DNA adduct formation) after feeding benzo[a]pyrene (BP) to wild-type (WT) and cancer-susceptible Xpa(-/-)p53(+/-) mice deficient in nucleotide excision repair and haploinsufficient for the tumor suppressor p53. DNA damage was evaluated by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry(More)
A mitochondrial gene (denoted aap1) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been characterized by nucleotide sequence analysis of a region of mtDNA between the oxi3 and oli2 genes. The reading frame of the aap1 gene specifies a hydrophobic polypeptide containing 48 amino acids. The functional nature of this reading frame was established by sequence analysis of a(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the yeast mitochondrial olil gene has been obtained in a series of mit- mutants with mutations in this gene, which codes for subunit 9 of of the mitochondrial ATPase complex. Subunit 9 is the proteolipid, 76 amino acids in length, necessary for the proton translocation function of the membrane Fo-sector. These mutants were(More)
Naturally-occurring autoantibodies to a family of mitochondrial enzymes, the 2-oxoacid dehydrogenase complexes (2-OADC), characterize the human liver disease primary biliary cirrhosis. The immunodominant epitope for these autoantibodies is associated with the lipoyl-binding domain of the E2 subunit of the enzymes. The reactivity of these disease-associated(More)
Functional domains of biologically active polypeptide molecules can be sought by raising antibodies to synthetic peptides. Human interferon gamma (HuIFN gamma) was thus studied, using two peptides based on candidate regions representing amino acids 7-16 and 121-130 of the HuIFN gamma molecule. These were conjugated to bovine serum albumin prior to(More)
Localised interferon-alpha production was investigated in hepatitis C patients entered into a trial of interferon-alpha-2a therapy. Antibodies capable of reacting specifically with interferon-alpha-2, interferon-alpha-4 or with all interferon-alpha subtypes were used as immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence probes to study interferon-alpha production(More)
A novel DNA sequence coding for subunit 8 of the mitochondrial ATPase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been constructed by chemical synthesis. The synthetic gene, termed NAP1, is designed for expression in the yeast nucleus and codes for a 48 amino acid polypeptide identical to that encoded by the mitochondrial aap1 gene of S. cerevisiae. The codons chosen(More)