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Lactoferrin (LF) concentrations in the milk with different levels of the somatic cell count score were examined using an ELISA to determine whether milk LF concentration is influenced by parity of the cow, stage of lactation, and the somatic cell count. The study animals were 198 Chinese Holstein cows randomly chosen from more than 1,600 cows in 4 dairy(More)
Immunoglobulin (Ig) G1 concentrations in milk from Holstein cows was measured to determine if transfer and concentration was influenced by production factors (lactation number, stage of lactation, daily milk production), milk composition (milk fat, protein, lactose, and total solids content) or by serum IgG1 concentration. Two hundred and ninety-nine(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the effects of peroxynitrite (ONOO-) on cardiac function and cellular injury following ischemia (30 min) and reperfusion (60 min) in isolated perfused rat hearts. METHODS 3-Morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1, 0.1 mM), an ONOO- donor, was administered alone or combined with superoxide dismutase (SOD, 300 U/ml) or glutathione (GSH, 1(More)
We describe current pubertal development in healthy urban Chinese boys. A cross-sectional study of the pubertal development of 18,807 urban Chinese boys aged from 3.50 to 18.49years was conducted between 2003 and 2005. Testicular volume was evaluated with a Prader orchidometer. Pubic hair development was assessed according to the Tanner method. Data on(More)
"Qi Gong" (QG) is a meditation exercise known for thousands of years in China and has always been widely practiced. It has been claimed to have a variety of healing and other health benefits. To provide an understanding of the effect of QG on brain structures along the whole neural axis from the periphery to the cerebral cortex, we have monitored(More)
Carvedilol, a new vasodilating beta-adrenoceptor antagonist and a potent antioxidant, produces a high degree of cardioprotection in a variety of experimental models of ischemic cardiac injury. Recent clinical studies in patients with heart failure have demonstrated that carvedilol reduces morbidity and mortality and inhibits cardiac remodeling. The present(More)
Previous studies have shown that glutathione (GSH) plays a central role in the protection against peroxynitrite (ONOO-) toxicity. The present study evaluated the changes of the GSH cytoprotective system against ONOO- in hypercholesterolemia and determined the effects of carvedilol, a beta-blocker with free radical-scavenging activity, on these(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension treatment guidelines recommend that blood pressure (BP) be lowered to <140/90 mm Hg, but that a reduction to <130/80 mm Hg be adopted in patients at high cardiovascular (CV) risk. We investigated the CV and renal benefits associated with these BP targets in the high-CV-risk population of the Ongoing Telmisartan Alone and in(More)
Recent experimental evidence suggests that reactive nitrogen oxide species can contribute significantly to postischemic myocardial injury. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of two reactive nitrogen oxide species, nitroxyl (NO(-)) and nitric oxide (NO(.)), in myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury. Rabbits were subjected to 45 min of(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have determined that the product of NO and superoxide is peroxynitrite (ONOO-), an anion with deleterious tissue-oxidant effects. OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of ONOO- on the isolated perfused rat heart. Sprague-Dawley rat hearts were perfused with a cell-free, Krebs-Henseleit solution on a Langendorf perfusion apparatus. The(More)