G L Garamoni

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The States of Mind (SOM) model provided a framework for assessing the balance between self-reported positive and negative affects in a sample of 39 outpatients with major depression and 43 healthy control subjects. The SOM model proposes that healthy functioning is characterized by an optimal balance of positive (P) and negative (N) cognitions or affects(More)
This article explored the relationship between daytime affect and REM sleep in 45 depressed men before and after treatment with cognitive-behavioral therapy and in a control group of 43 healthy subjects. The intensity of daytime affect (as measured by the sum of positive and negative affects) in depressed men correlated significantly and positively with(More)
Clinicians have long associated depression with alterations in sexual function, predominantly loss of sexual interest. In a longitudinal study measuring self-report, behavioral, and nocturnal penile tumescence variables before and after treatment with cognitive behavior therapy in an unmedicated sample of 40 outpatient depressed men, we found, contrary to(More)
OBJECTIVE Differentiation of stable, trait-like characteristics from more episodic or state-dependent disturbances will be helpful in gaining a better understanding of the pathophysiology of depression. However, research in this area has been complicated by artifactual and clinical problems associated with pharmacologic treatment. In this investigation the(More)
Thirty-two outpatient depressives were treated by experienced therapists during a 16- to 20-week, 20- to 24-session cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) protocol. Patients were classified as CBT responders (n = 22) or nonresponders (n = 10) on the basis of independent clinical ratings of Hamilton (1960) depression severity. Point and confidence interval(More)
Although depressed patients have been shown to have diminished nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT), there remains considerable variability of NPT in depression. We hypothesized that affective experience during the day accounts for some of this variability. Forty-five depressed men had assessments of affect intensity and affect balance, NPT, and daytime sexual(More)
A descriptive study was conducted in a new sample of 51 men with DSM-III-R research diagnostic criteria (RDC) major depression in order to replicate earlier observations that measures of nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) and penile rigidity are disturbed in depressive states. When compared to both the age-equated patient (n = 34) and normal control (n = 28)(More)
The study of nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) is frequently used to evaluate male erectile dysfunction. Buckling force, a measure of rigidity, is an important part of this evaluation, but its reliability is unknown. Accordingly, we studied the reliability of buckling force measurement and the stability of "maximum buckling force" between consecutive NPT(More)
Sixteen male outpatients with major depression and 20 age-equated healthy controls were awakened from rapid eye movement (REM) sleep between 1:30 and 3:30 AM, and the rapidity of return to REM sleep was determined. The time it took to return to REM sleep was reduced in depressives compared with controls: 61.6 (17.9 SD) min versus 80.6 (24.9 SD) min,(More)
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