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The presence of functional nongenomic progesterone (P) receptors in human spermatozoa has been investigated by equilibrium binding studies in intact spermatozoa, ligand blot and Western blot analysis of sperm lysates, as well as determination of the effects of the steroid on sperm intracellular Ca2+ concentrations. Binding experiments were performed using(More)
We report for the first time that penile smooth muscle cells (SMC) not only respond to, but also synthesize, endothelin-1 (ET-1), one of the main regulators of SMC activity. Immunohistochemical studies indicated that, beside endothelial cells (EC), SMC of the human adult and fetal penis also express ET-1 and its converting enzyme, ECE-1. Accordingly,(More)
Oxytocin (OT) is released by the posterior pituitary during male orgasm and is supposed to participate in the ejaculatory process. We now report evidence demonstrating the presence of an OT receptor gene (real-time RT-PCR and Northern blot) and protein (immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and binding studies) expression in the rabbit and human corpus(More)
BACKGROUND Protein tyrosine phosphorylation is one of the main processes associated with sperm activation. Although this process and its targets have been well characterized, only few tyrosine kinases have been identified so far and their roles in spermatozoa are still largely unknown. In this study, we report the presence and localization of Src kinase in(More)
We sought to determine the influence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in RANKL, RANK, and OPG on volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and bone geometry at the radius in men. Pairwise tag SNPs (r (2) ≥ 0.8) for RANKL (n = 8), RANK (n = 44), and OPG (n = 22) and five SNPs near RANKL and OPG strongly associated with areal BMD(More)
Two processes, namely capacitation and acrosome reaction, are of fundamental importance in the fertilization of oocyte by spermatozoon. Physiologically occurring in the female genital tract, capacitation is a complex process, which renders the sperm cell capable for specific interaction with the oocyte. During capacitation, modification of membrane(More)
Low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels have been linked with depressive symptoms among adults in various clinical settings. Data in generally healthy, community-dwelling individuals remain inconclusive. We investigated whether depression was associated with 25(OH)D and/or PTH in a sample of middle-aged and(More)
We recently found that the oxytocin receptor (OTR) is expressed in the human and rabbit corpus cavernosum and mediates contractility in vitro. The present study extended our investigations to the rat, and explored whether OTR regulates penile detumescence in vivo. Real-time RT-PCR quantitatively characterized the distribution of OTR mRNA in the male genital(More)
BACKGROUND Although there is evidence that vitamin D inadequacy may be linked to adverse cognitive outcomes, results from studies on this topic have been inconsistent. The aim of this trial was to examine the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and cognitive performance in middle-aged and older European men. METHODS This(More)
CONTEXT The role of CNVs in male infertility is poorly defined, and only those linked to the Y chromosome have been the object of extensive research. Although it has been predicted that the X chromosome is also enriched in spermatogenesis genes, no clinically relevant gene mutations have been identified so far. OBJECTIVES In order to advance our(More)