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The presence of functional nongenomic progesterone (P) receptors in human spermatozoa has been investigated by equilibrium binding studies in intact spermatozoa, ligand blot and Western blot analysis of sperm lysates, as well as determination of the effects of the steroid on sperm intracellular Ca2+ concentrations. Binding experiments were performed using(More)
We report for the first time that penile smooth muscle cells (SMC) not only respond to, but also synthesize, endothelin-1 (ET-1), one of the main regulators of SMC activity. Immunohistochemical studies indicated that, beside endothelial cells (EC), SMC of the human adult and fetal penis also express ET-1 and its converting enzyme, ECE-1. Accordingly,(More)
CONTEXT Polymorphisms in genes involved in regulation, biosynthesis, metabolism, and actions of testicular sex hormones may influence hormone balance and phenotype of aging men. OBJECTIVE We investigated the relationships between polymorphisms in genes related to pituitary-testicular endocrine function and health status. DESIGN AND SETTING Using(More)
Oxytocin (OT) is released by the posterior pituitary during male orgasm and is supposed to participate in the ejaculatory process. We now report evidence demonstrating the presence of an OT receptor gene (real-time RT-PCR and Northern blot) and protein (immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and binding studies) expression in the rabbit and human corpus(More)
BACKGROUND Protein tyrosine phosphorylation is one of the main processes associated with sperm activation. Although this process and its targets have been well characterized, only few tyrosine kinases have been identified so far and their roles in spermatozoa are still largely unknown. In this study, we report the presence and localization of Src kinase in(More)
Oxytocin (OT) is a neurohypophysial hormone with unclear physiological functions in the male. Several previous studies indicated that OT might have a role in the ejaculatory process, stimulating sperm release from the epididymal storage. In this study we investigated on the presence and function of OT receptor (OTR) in rabbit and human epididymis. By using(More)
Deletions of the azoospermia factor (AZF) regions of the Y chromosome are associated with severe spermatogenic failure and represent the most frequent molecular genetic cause of azoospermia and severe oligozoospermia. The exact role of the candidate AZF genes is largely unknown due to both the extreme rarity of naturally occurring AZF gene-specific(More)
Previous binding and contractility studies indicate that oxytocin (OT) receptors are present in rabbit epididymis. To investigate the effect of changing endocrine milieu on OT responsiveness, we induced hypogonadism (hypo) in rabbits with a single administration of a long-acting GnRH analog, triptorelin, and we replaced hypogonadal rabbits with different(More)
Tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins is involved in several sperm functions, including capacitation, motility, and acrosome reaction of spermatozoa. This study was undertaken to determine changes of tyrosine phosphorylation during 'in vitro' capacitation as well as the ability of platelet-activating factor (PAF) and progesterone (P), two known activators of(More)
Two processes, namely capacitation and acrosome reaction, are of fundamental importance in the fertilization of oocyte by spermatozoon. Physiologically occurring in the female genital tract, capacitation is a complex process, which renders the sperm cell capable for specific interaction with the oocyte. During capacitation, modification of membrane(More)